
Part 1  up 
Demchik V., Skalozub V. Spontaneous Magnetization of a Vacuum in the Hot Universe and Intergalactic Magnetic Fields (eng, 393 Kb) We review the spontaneous magnetization of the vacuum of nonAbelian gauge fields at high temperature. The standard model of particles is investigated as a particular example. By using both analytic methods of quantum field theory a nd gauge field theory on a lattice, we determine the Abelian (chromo)magnetic fields in the restored phase of the model at high temperatures T T_{ew}. The fields are stable and temperaturedependent, B = B(T). We investigate the mechanisms of the field stabilization in detail. The screening parameters for electric and magnetic fields  the Debye, m_{D}(B,T), and magnetic, m_{mag}(B,T), masses  are calculated. It is shown that, in the field presence, the former one is smaller than at zero field. The magnetic mass of the (chromo)magnetic fields is determined to be zero, as for usual U(1) magnetic field. We also show that the vacuum magnetization stops at temperatures below the electroweak phase transition temperature, T T_{ew}, when a scalar condensate creates. These properties make reasonable a possibility of the intergalactic magnetic fields observed recently to be spontaneously generated in the hot Universe at the reheating epoch due to vacuum polarization of nonAbelian gauge fields. We present a procedure for estimating the field strengths B(T) at different temperatures. In particular, the value of B(T_{ew}) ~ 10^{14} G, at T_{ew} is estimated with taking into consideration the observed intergalactic magnetic field B_{0} ~ 10^{15} G. The magneticfield scale is also estimated. Some modeldependent peculiarities of the phenomena studied are briefly discussed. 

Lev F.M. A New Look at the Position Operator in Quantum Theory (eng, 469 Kb) The postulate that coordinate and momentum representations are related to each other by the Fourier transform has been accepted from the beginning of quantum theory by analogy with classical electrodynamics. As a consequence, an inevitable effect in standard theory is the wave packet spreading (WPS) of the photon coordinate wave function in directions perpendicular to the photon momentum. This leads to the following paradoxes: if the major part of photons emitted by stars are in wave packet states (what is the most probable scenario), then we should see not separate stars but only an almost continuous background from all stars; no anisotropy of the CMB radiation should be observable; data on gammaray bursts, signals from directional radio antennas (in particular, in experiments on Shapiro delay), and signals from pulsars show no signs of WPS. In addition, a problem arises: why there are no signs of WPS for protons in the LHC ring. We argue that the above postulate is based neither on strong theoretical arguments nor on experimental data and propose a new consistent definition of the position operator. Then WPS in directions perpendicular to the particle momentum is absent and the paradoxes are resolved. Different components of the new position operator do not commute with each other and, as a consequence, there is no wave function in coordinate representation. Implications of the results for entanglement, quantum locality, and the problem of time in quantum theory are discussed. 

Antonov R.A., Aulova T.V., Bonvech E.A., Galkin V.I.,
Dzhatdoev T.A., Podgrudkov D.A., Roganova T.M., Chernov D.V. Detection of Reflected Ñherenkov Light of EAS in the SPHERE Experiment as New Method of UltraHigh Energy Cosmic Ray Study (rus, 1.4 Mb) Despite the efforts of numerous experiments with different components of extensive air showers (EAS) in the last decades, the uncertainty in all the nuclei spectrum of primary cosmic rays is still high and the results on chemical composition of primary cosmic rays from different experiments contradict each other. In this study, an overview of the SPHERE experiment based on detection of the VavilovCherenkov radiation from EAS reflected from the snow surface and of various experiments based on the same method in the same energy region (E_{0} > 10^{15} eV) is given. In particular, experimental results, methods of analysis of collected data along with subsequent methods of spectrum and mass composition reconstruction, their advantages and weak points are discussed. In the overview of the SPHERE experiment, its history with the description of the SPHERE apparatus and equipment is given. Besides this, the optical properties of the snow, which are crucial for this registration technique, problems and methods of calibration and data control, methods of the detector response modelling and effective exposition, and experimental data processing procedures are discussed. Then the first results on the energy spectrum and mass composition reconstruction of the SPHERE experiment are given and discussed and the main sources of systematic uncertainties that can affect these results are evaluated. Finally, prospects of the SPHERE experiment and this technique are given. 

Peshekhonov V.D. Coordinate Detectors Based on a Thin Wall Drift Tubes (Straws) (rus, 2.6 Mb) The design features and basic parameters of the coordinate detectors based on the existing straw trackers and some developed new setups are considered. The results of methodological studies aimed at improving the quality of spacetime and load characteristics of the detectors, increasing the possibility of using this type of detectors for particle detection in high multiplicity, including facilities for high luminocity experiments, are presented. 

Synopsis (rus, 55 Kb) 

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Part 2  up 
"NEUTRINO PHYSICS AND ASTROPHYSICS" (PPP 2014) 

The International Workshop on Prospects of Particle Physics 

Valday, Russia, January 26February 2, 2014 

Proceedings of the Workshop 

Editors: V.B.Brudanin, S.V.Demidov, V.A.Rubakov 

Giunti C. Neutrino Oscillations and Sterile Neutrino (eng, 264 Êb) 

Gavrin V., Cleveland B., Danshin S., Elliott S., Gorbachev V., Ibragimova T., Kalikhov A., Knodel T.,
Kozlova Yu., Malyshkin Yu., Matveev V., Mirmov I., Nico J., Robertson R.G.H., Shikhin A., Sinclair D.,
Veretenkin E., Wilkerson J. Current Status of New SAGE Project with ^{51}Cr Neutrino Source (eng, 285 Êb) 

Bernabei R., Belli P., Cappella F., Caracciolo V., Castellano S., Cerulli R., Dai C.J., d'Angelo A.,
d'Angelo S., Di Marco A., He H.L., Incicchitti A., Kuang H.H., Ma X.H., Montecchia F., Prosperi D.,
Sheng X.D., Wang R.G., Ye Z.P. Final ModelIndependent Results of DAMA/LIBRAPhase1 and Perspectives of Phase2 (eng, 250 Êb) 

Gavrilyuk Yu.M., Gangapshev A.M., Kazalov V.V., Kuzminov V.V., Panasenko S.I., Ratkevich S.S.,
Tekueva D.A., Yakimenko S.P. First Result of the Experimental Search for the 2KCapture of ^{124}Xe with the Copper Proportional Counter (eng, 278 Êb) 

Gavrilyuk Yu.M., Gangapshev A.M., Derbin A.V., Kazalov V.V.,
Kim H.J., Kim Y.D., Kobychev V.V., Kuzminov V.V., Luqman Ali,
Muratova V.N., Panasenko S.I., Ratkevich S.S., Semenov D.A.,
Tekueva D.A., Yakimenko S.P., Unzhakov E.V. First Result of the Experimental Search for the 9.4 keV Solar Axion Reactions with ^{83}Kr in the Copper Proportional Counter (eng, 221 Êb) 

Alexeyev E.N., Gavrilyuk Yu.M., Gangapshev A.M., Kazalov V.V., Kuzminov V.V.,
Panasenko S.I., Ratkevich S.S. Sources of the Systematic Errors in Measurements of ^{214}Po Decay HalfLife Time Variations at the Baksan Deep Underground Experiments (eng, 338 Êb) 

Smirnov O., Bellini G., Benziger J., Bick D., Bonfini G., Bravo D.,
Caccianiga B., Calaprice F., Caminata A., Cavalcante P., Chavarria A.,
Chepurnov A., d'Angelo D., Davini S., Derbin A., Empl A., Etenko A.,
Fomenko K., Franco D., Fiorentini G., Galbiati C., Gazzana S., Ghiano C.,
Giammarchi M., GgerNeff M., Goretti A., Hagner C., Hungerford E.,
Ianni Aldo, Ianni Andrea, Kobychev V.V., Korablev D., Korga G., Kryn D.,
Laubenstein M., Lehnert B., Lewke T., Litvinovich E., Lombardi F.,
Lombardi P., Ludhova L., Lukyanchenko G., Machulin I., Manecki S.,
Maneschg W., Mantovani F., Marcocci S., Meindl Q., Meroni E., Meyer M.,
Miramonti L., Misiaszek M., Mosteiro P., Muratova V.N., Oberauer L.,
Obolensky M., Ortica F., Otis K., Pallavicini M., Papp L., Perasso L.,
Pocar A., Ranucci G., Razeto A., Re A., Ricci B., Romani A., Rossi N.,
Saldanha R., Salvo C., Schnert S., Simgen H., Skorokhvatov M.,
Sotnikov A., Sukhotin S., Suvorov Y., Tartaglia R., Testera G., Vignaud D.,
Vogelaar R.B., von Feilitzsch F., Wang H., Winter J., Wojcik M.,
Wright A., Wurm M., Zaimidoroga O., Zavatarelli S., Zuber K., Zuzel G. (Borexino Collaboration)
Solar Neutrino with Borexino: Results and Perspectives (eng, 2 Ìb) 

Ludhova L., Bellini G., Benziger J., Bick D., Bonfini G., Bravo D.,
Caccianiga B., Calaprice F., Caminata A., Cavalcante P., Chavarria A.,
Chepurnov A., d'Angelo D., Davini S., Derbin A., Empl A., Etenko A.,
Fomenko K., Franco D., Fiorentini G., Galbiati C., Gazzana S., Ghiano C.,
Giammarchi M., GgerNeff M., Goretti A., Hagner C., Hungerford E.,
Ianni Aldo, Ianni Andrea, Kobychev V.V., Korablev D., Korga G., Kryn D.,
Laubenstein M., Lehnert B., Lewke T., Litvinovich E., Lombardi F.,
Lombardi P., Lukyanchenko G., Machulin I., Manecki S., Maneschg W.,
Mantovani F., Marcocci S., Meindl Q., Meroni E., Meyer M., Miramonti L.,
Misiaszek M., Mosteiro P., Muratova V.N., Oberauer L., Obolensky M.,
Ortica F., Otis K., Pallavicini M., Papp L., Perasso L., Pocar A., Ranucci G.,
Razeto A., Re A., Ricci B., Romani A., Rossi N., Saldanha R., Salvo C.,
Schnert S., Simgen H., Skorokhvatov M., Smirnov O., Sotnikov A.,
Sukhotin S., Suvorov Y., Tartaglia R., Testera G., Vignaud D.,
Vogelaar R.B., von Feilitzsch F., Wang H., Winter J., Wojcik M.,
Wright A., Wurm M., Zaimidoroga O., Zavatarelli S., Zuber K., Zuzel G. (Borexino Collaboration)
Geoneutrinos and Borexino (eng, 1.3 Ìb) 

Bezrukov L.B., Sinev V.V. Geoneutrinos and Hydridic Earth (or Primordially HydrogenRich Planet) (eng, 133 Êb) 

Sinev V.V., Bezrukov L.B., Litvinovich E.A., Machulin I.N., Skorokhvatov M.D., Sukhotin S.V. Looking for Antineutrino Flux from ^{40}K with Large Liquid Scintillator Detector (eng, 147 Êb) 

Lubsandorzhiev B.K. The Tunka Experiment: From Small "Toy" Experiments to MultiTeV GammaRay Observatory (eng, 348 Êb) 

Kochkarov M.M., Alikhanov I.A., Boliev M.M., Dzaparova I.M., Novoseltseva R.V., Novoseltsev Yu.F.,
Petkov V.B., Volchenko V.I., Volchenko G.V., Yanin A.F. Search for LowEnergy Neutrinos from GammaRay Bursts at the Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope (eng, 188 Êb) 

Petkov V.B., Boliev M.M., Alikhanov I.A., Butkevich A.V., Dzaparova I.M.,
Kochkarov M.M., Novoseltseva R.V., Volchenko V.I., Volchenko G.V., Yanin A.F. Search for HighEnergy Muon Neutrinos from Southern Hemisphere GammaRay Bursts with BUST (eng, 861 Êb) 

Petkov V.B. Experimental Search for Evaporating Primordial Black Holes (eng, 203 Êb) 

Avrorin A.D., Avrorin A.V., Aynutdinov V.M., Bannasch R.,
Belolaptikov I.A., Bogorodsky D.Yu., Brudanin V.B., Budnev N.M., Danilchenko I.A.,
Domogatsky G.V., Doroshenko A.A., Dyachok A.N., Dzhilkibaev Zh.A.M.,
Fialkovsky S.V., Gafarov A.R., Gaponenko O.N., Golubkov K.V., Gress T.I.,
Hons Z., Kebkal K.G., Kebkal O.G., Konishchev K.V., Konstantinov E.N.,
Korobchenko A.V., Koshechkin A.P., Koshel F.K., Kozhin V.A., Kulepov V.F.,
Kuleshov D.A., Ljashuk V.I., Milenin M.B., Mirgazov R.A., Osipova E.R., Panfilov A.I., Pankov L.V.,
Perevalov A.A., Pliskovsky E.N., Poleshuk V.A., Rozanov M.I.,
Rubtsov V.F., Rjabov E.V., Shaybonov B.A., Sheifler A.A.,
Skurikhin A.V., Smagina A.A., Suvorova O.V., Tarashchansky B.A.,
Yakovlev S.A., Zagorodnikov A.V., Zhukov V.A., Zurbanov V.L.
Status and Recent Results of the BaikalGVD Project (eng, 6.3 Ìb) 

Demidov S.V., Suvorova O.V. Indirect Searches for Dark Matter at Baksan and Baikal (eng, 486 Êb) 

Gorbunov D.S. Testing Sterile Neutrinos with New Fixed Target Experiment at CERN SPS (eng, 325 Êb) 

Verkhodanov O.V. Series Anomalies of Low Multipoles of WMAP and Planck Missions: What Are They? (eng, 1.2 Ìb) 

Part 3  up 
Balagurov A.M., Bobrikov I.A., Bokuchava G.D., Zhuravlev V.V., Simkin V.G. Correlation Fourier Diffractometry: 20 Years of Experience at the IBR2 Reactor (rus, 11 Ìb) The highresolution Fourier diffractometer (HRFD) was commissioned at the IBR2 pulsed reactor at FLNP JINR in 1994. The specific feature of the HRFD design is the use of fast Fourier chopper for modulating the primary neutron beam intensity and the correlation method of diffraction data acquisition. This allowed to reach with HRFD extremely high resolution ( d/d 0.001) over a wide range of interplanar spacing at a relatively short flight path between chopper and sample (L = 20 m). Over time, a lot of diffraction experiments on crystalline materials, the main goal of which was to study their atomic and magnetic structures, were performed at HRFD. Successful implementation of the Fourier diffractometry technique at the IBR2 reactor stimulated the construction of yet another Fourier diffractometer intended for internal mechanical stress studies in bulk materials (FSD, Fourier Stress Diffractometer). In this paper the experience of using this technique at the IBR2, which is a longpulse neutron source, is considered, the examples of HRFD studies are given, and possible solutions for existing technical problems of using correlation diffractometry and ways of increasing the intensity and resolution of HRFD are discussed. 

Burdk ., Fuksa J., Isaev A.P., Krivonos S.O., Navrtil O. Remarks towards the Spectrum of the Heisenberg Spin Chain Type Models (eng, 401 Êb) The integrable closed and open chain models can be formulated in terms of generators of the Hecke algebras. In this review paper, we describe in detail the Bethe ansatz for the integrable XXX and XXZ closed chain models. We find the Bethe vectors for twocomponent and inhomogeneous models. We also find the Bethe vectors for the fermionic realization of the integrable XXX and XXZ closed chain models by means of the algebraic and coordinate Bethe ansatzes. Special modification of the XXZ closed spin chain model ("small polaron model") is considered. Finally, we discuss some questions relating to the general open Hecke chain models. 

Pradhan A., Saha B. Accelerating Dark Energy Models of the Universe in Anisotropic Bianchi Type SpaceTimes and Recent Observations (eng, 819 Êb) Motivated by the increasing evidence for the need of a geometry that resembles the Bianchi morphology to explain the observed anisotropy in the WMAP data, we have discussed some features of the Bianchitype universes in the presence of a fluid that wields an anisotropic equationofstate (EoS) parameter in general relativity. Such models are of great interest in cosmology in favor of constructing more realistic models than the FLRW models with maximally symmetric spatial geometry. Additionally, the interest in such models was promoted in recent years due to the debate that is going around the analysis and the interpretation of the WMAP data [21,111,112], whether they need a Bianchitype morphology to be explained successfully [7,103,118,117]. The ILCWMAP data maps show seven axes well aligned with one another and the Virgo direction. For this reason, the Bianchi models are important in the study of anisotropies. In the present study of Bianchi typeI, II, III, V and VI_{0} spacetimes, we observe that the EoS for dark energy is found to be timedependent and its existing range for derived models is in good agreement with the recent observations of SNe Ia data [50], SNe Ia data with CMBR anisotropy and galaxy clustering statistics [11] and the latest combination of cosmological datasets coming from CMB anisotropies, luminosity distances of high redshift type Ia supernovae and galaxy clustering [21,51]. It has been suggested that the dark energy that explains the observed accelerating expansion of the Universe may arise due to the contribution to the vacuum energy of the EoS in a timedependent background. The cosmological constant is found to be a positive decreasing function of time and it approaches to a small positive value at late time (i.e., the present epoch) which is corroborated by results from recent type Ia supernovae observations. 

Lokhov A.V., Tkachov F.V. Confidence Intervals with A Priori Parameter Bounds (rus, 376 Êb) We review the methods of constructing confidence intervals that account for a priori information about onesided constraints on the parameter being estimated. We show that the socalled method of sensitivity limit yields a correct solution of the problem. Derived are the solutions for the cases of a continuous distribution with nonnegative estimated parameter and a discrete distribution, specifically a Poisson process with background. For both cases, the best upper limit is constructed that accounts for the a a priori information. A table is provided with the confidence intervals for the parameter of Poisson distribution that correctly accounts for the information on the known value of the background along with the software for calculating the confidence intervals for any confidence levels and magnitudes of the background (the software is freely available for download via Internet). 

Ivankina T.I., Matthies S. On the Development of the Quantitative Texture Analysis and Its Application to the Solution of Problems of Earth Sciences (rus, 3.7 Ìb) The development of texture analysis (TA) is exhibited, starting with the first experimental and theoretical attempts to specify and to characterize the lattice preferred orientations of grains in real polycrystalline samples. The stages of the elaboration of the theoretical apparatus of TA are considered, as well as its basic elements and possibilities to describe the anisotropic properties of textured samples. The corresponding real limitations and difficulties are also mentioned. The application of the apparatus of quantitative TA is demonstrated by the example of the description of the elastic properties of textured materials, up to multiphase samples containing pores and cracks. The wide spectrum of TA includes the analysis on the basis of neutron scattering, which obtained an effective development in the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics as well. By means of modern neutron diffractometers, like the SKAT spectrometer at the pulsed reactor IBR2, it is in practice possible to determine the bulk crystallographic textures of monophase and multiphase materials, which is of special interest for the investigation of natural rock samples. By examples it is shown how results of quantitative TA based on neutron scattering were used in combination with some other physical and petrological methods in order to resolve some fundamental problems of geology and geophysics relying on the analysis of the structure and properties of the matter of the Earth lithosphere. The review contains a detailed list of references of original papers concerning the development of TA, as well as of review publications and monographs, and data on the most popular TArelated software. 

Gorbunov A.V., Lyapunov S.M., Okina O.I., Frontaseva M.V., Pavlov S.S., Ilchenko I.N. Nuclear and Related Methods of Analyses in the Medical Geology: Evaluation of Influence of Environmental Factors on Human Health (ðóñ, 1.8 Ìá) The paper shows a methodology for conducting geological and medical research and the place of nuclear and related analytical methods of analysis in these studies. The necessity of creating an effective set of the most advanced modern analytical techniques is shown. Metrological parameters of the methods used in the analysis of natural environments and biological materials are assessed. The current state of contamination of the environment with heavy metals and toxic elements of specific industrial sites, Gus Crystal and Podolsk, is characterized. Given the specificity of industrial cities and the environmental habitat of the child population, the levels of contamination with toxic metals of diagnostic biological materials (hair, blood) of children living in various parts of the city, were studied. The results of studies on the effects of the environment on children's health are given. The real impact on children, their neuropsychological development and behavior, as well as the impact of socioeconomic factors, were determined. Prophylactic problems among children's population affected by lead and other toxic metals are discussed, and the ways of their solving are suggested. A system of early detection and preventive measures to reduce the adverse effects of toxic metals (Pb, Cu, Mn, Zn, Cr, Ni, As, etc.) on the psychological development of children based on real ecological and geochemical assessment of the study area was developed. 

Asadov Y.G., Aliyev Y.I., Babaev A.G. Polymorphic Transformations in Cu_{2}Se, Ag_{2}Se, AgCuSe and Role of Partial CationCation and AnionAnion Substitution for Stabilizing Their Modifications (rus, 2 Ìb) We present a review of studies of the crystal structure of copper and silver chalcogenides. These materials have a diverse set of physical properties that make them promising for practical application. Physical properties of the crystals are determined by the chemical composition, crystal structure and the influence of external conditions. Analysis was conducted of published results on the crystal structure of copper and silver chalcogenides at high and low temperatures. The inconsistency of published data on the crystal parameters was noted. We present the results of our own investigation of the temperature dependence of the crystal parameters and features of phase transitions in copper and silver chalcogenides of different composition. 

Synopsis (rus, 63 Kb) 

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Âûïóñê 4  íàâåðõ 
Bilenky S.M. Neutrino in Standard Model and Beyond (eng, 366 Êb) After discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN, the Standard Model acquired a status of the theory of elementary particles in the electroweak range (up to about 300 GeV). What general conclusions can be inferred from the Standard Model? It looks that the Standard Model teaches us that in the framework of such general principles as local gauge symmetry, unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions, and BroutEnglertHiggs spontaneous breaking of the electroweak symmetry, nature chooses the simplest possibilities. Twocomponent lefthanded massless neutrino fields play crucial role in the determination of the charged current structure of the Standard Model. The absence of the righthanded neutrino fields in the Standard Model is the simplest, most economical possibility. In such a scenario, Majorana mass term is the only possibility for neutrinos to be massive and mixed. Such a mass term is generated by the leptonnumber violating Weinberg effective Lagrangian. In this approach, three Majorana neutrino masses are suppressed with respect to the masses of other fundamental fermions by the ratio of the electroweak scale and the scale of a leptonnumber violating physics. The discovery of the neutrinoless double decay and the absence of transitions of flavor neutrinos into sterile states would be the evidence in favor of the minimal scenario we advocate here. 

Fr P., Sorin A.S. Classification of ArnoldBeltrami Flows and Their Hidden Symmetries (eng, 2.3 Ìb) In the context of mathematical hydrodynamics, we consider the group theory structure which underlies the socalled ABCflows introduced by Beltrami, Arnold and Childress. Main reference points are Arnold's theorem stating that, for flows taking place on compact three manifolds _{3}, the only velocity fields able to produce chaotic streamlines are those satisfying the Beltrami equation and the modern topological conception of contact structures, each of which admits a representative contact oneform also satisfying the Beltrami equation. We advocate that the Beltrami equation is nothing else but the eigenstate equation for the first order LaplaceBeltrami operator d, which can be solved by using timehonored harmonic analysis. Taking for _{3} a torus T^{3} constructed as ^{3}/, where is a crystallographic lattice, we present a general algorithm to construct solutions of the Beltrami equation which utilizes as main ingredient the orbits under the action of the point group _{} of threevectors in the momentum lattice ^{}. Inspired by the crystallographic construction of space groups, we introduce the new notion of a Universal Classifying Group _{} which contains all space groups as proper subgroups. We show that the d eigenfunctions are naturally arranged into irreducible representations of _{}, and by means of a systematic use of the branching rules with respect to various possible subgroups H_{i} _{}, we search and find the Beltrami fields with nontrivial hidden symmetries. In the case of the cubic lattice, the point group is the proper octahedral group O_{24}, and the Universal Classifying Group _{cubic} is a finite group G_{1536} of order G_{1536}=1536 which we study in full detail deriving all of its 37 irreducible representations and the associated character table. We show that the O_{24} orbits in the cubic lattice are arranged into 48 equivalence classes, the parameters of the corresponding Beltrami vector fields filling all the 37 irreducible representations of G_{1536}. In this way we obtain an exhaustive classification of all generalized ABCflows and of their hidden symmetries. We make several conceptual comments about the need of a field theory yielding the Beltrami equation as a field equation and/or an instanton equation and on the possible relation of ArnoldBeltrami flows with (supersymmetric) ChernSimons gauge theories. We also suggest linear generalizations of the Beltrami equation to higher odd dimensions that are different from the nonlinear one proposed by Arnold and possibly make contact with Mtheory and the geometry of flux compactifications. 

Typel S., Oertel M., Klhn T. CompOSE (Compstar Online Supernovae Equations of State): Harmonizing the Concept of Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics (eng, 383 Êb) A comprehensive knowledge of properties of dense matter is essential for many applications in astrophysics and nuclear physics. Various models have been developed in the past, but their results are often not accessible in a simple or standardized way. The CompOSE database (compose.obspm.fr) provides a webbased repository of equation of state tables in a common data format. They contain information on the thermodynamic properties, the chemical composition and microphysical quantities of nuclear and stellar matter. This manual explains the basic features and options of the CompOSE database as well as the accompanying programs for storing, handling and extracting the data. The notation and conventions for the tabulation are established and presented extensively. The derivation of thermodynamic quantities from basic potentials is displayed and characteristic nuclear matter parameters are discussed. Technical details of the interpolation scheme are given in Appendixes. 

Slavnov D.A. The WaveParticle Duality (rus, 316 Êb) In the framework of an algebraic approach we consider a problem of the waveparticle duality. Contrary to opinion widely distributed now we demonstrate that it is possible to coordinate the waveparticle duality to the assumption of existence of a local physical reality which determines results of local measurements. From the point of view of a locality we discuss a series of the quantum experiments: electron scattering by two slits, Wheeler's delayedchoice experiment, the past of photons passing through an interferometer. We give to these experiments obvious physical interpretation which does not contradict classical conceptualization. 

Kharzheev Yu.N. Scintillation Counters in Modern Experiments on High Energy Physics (rus, 5.6 Ìb) Scintillation counters (SCs) based on the organic plastic scintillators (OPSs) are widely used in high energy physics (HEP). The technology of the OPS production as strips and tiles, their optical and physical properties, light collection by means of wavelength shifting (WLS) fibers and readout by vacuum and silicon PMTs are reviewed. The use of SCs in many HEP experiments on the searching for quarks, new particles and Hbosons (D0, CDF, ATLAS, CMS), quarkgluon plasma (ALICE), CPviolations (LHCb, KLOE), oscillations (MINOS, OPERA) and cosmic particles in a wide energy and mass range (AMS02) are considered. The prospects of using the SCs in the future HEP experiments (at the International Linear Collider ILC, Nuclotronbased Heavy Ion collider facility NICA, Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research FAIR) will be supported by their possible high segmented, WLS fiber light collection and readout by pixelized silicon PMTs. 

Synopsis (rus, 64 Kb) 

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Part 5  up 
XXXII MAX BORN SYMPOSIUM AND HECOLS WORKSHOP "THREE DAYS OF PHASE TRANSITIONS IN COMPACT STARS,
HEAVYION COLLISIONS AND SUPERNOVAE" 

Wroclaw, Poland, February 1719, 2014 

Proceedings of the Symposium and Workshop 

Turko L. The Same Key to Different Doors  Temperature Puzzles (eng, 81 Êb) 

Blaschke D., Dubinin A., Turko L. MottHadron Resonance Gas and Lattice QCD Thermodynamics (eng, 177 Êb) 

Aichelin J., Bratkovskaya E.L., Hartnack Ch., Leifels Y. K^{+} Mesons, a Robust Probe to Measure the Hadronic Equation of State? (eng, 232 Êb) 

Laermann E. Recent Results from HighTemperature Lattice QCD (eng, 313 Êb) 

Lukierski J. Early Scientific Days of Ludwik Turko (eng, 45 Êb) 

Rafelski J., Petran M. QCD Phase Transition Studied by Means of Hadron Production (eng, 613 Êb) 

Lo P.M., Redlich K., Sasaki C. Polyakov Loop Fluctuations and Deconfinement in the Limit of Heavy Quarks (eng, 164 Êb) 

Satz H. Phase Transitions in Strongly Interacting Matter (eng, 173 Êb) 

Kodama T., Koide T. Stochastic Variational Quantization and Maximum Entropy Principle (eng, 87 Êb) 

Rpke G. Clusters in Nuclear Matter and Mott Points (eng, 190 Êb) 

Typel S. Cluster Correlations in Dense Matter and Equation of State (eng, 92 Êb) 

Wolter H.H. The Nuclear Symmetry Energy in HeavyIon Collisions (eng, 244 Êb) 

Begun V. Importance of Repulsive Interactions for the Equation of State and Other Properties of Strongly Interacting Matter (eng, 108 Êb) 

Naskrt M., Blaschke D., Dubinin A. MottAnderson FreezeOut and the Strange Matter "Horn" (eng, 347 Êb) 

Liebing S., Blaschke D. Composite Fermions in Medium: Extending the Lipkin Model (eng, 97 Êb) 

Blaschke D., Juchnowski L., Panferov A., Smolyansky S. Dynamical Schwinger Effect: Properties of the e^{+}e^{} Plasma Created from Vacuum in Strong Laser Fields (eng, 262 Êb) 

Jankowski J. Defects in the AdS/CFT Correspondence (eng, 95 Êb) 

Poghosyan G. HighLevel Support for Simulations in Astro and Elementary Particle Physics (eng, 319 Êb) 

Rpke F.K. Modeling Type Ia Supernovae and Quark Novae (eng, 115 Êb) 

Novak J., Peres B., Oertel M. Simulations of Stellar Collapses to Black Holes: Influence of Hyperons (eng, 151 Êb) 

Bednarek I. Hyperon Puzzle in Compact Stars (eng, 265 Êb) 

Zdunik J.L. Phase Transitions in Compact Stars  Problem of Micro and Macro Stability (eng, 141 Êb) 

Sinha M., Sedrakian A. Upper Critical Field and (Non)Superconductivity of Magnetars (eng, 155 Êb) 

Oertel M., Providencia C., Gulminelli F., Raduta A.R. Hyperons in Neutron Star Matter within Relativistic MeanField Models (eng, 277 Êb) 

Bauswein A., Stergioulas N., Janka H.T. Neutron Star Properties from the Postmerger Gravitational Wave Signal of Binary Neutron Stars (eng, 114 Êb) 

Bejger M. Gravitational Waves from Rotating Neutron Stars: Current Limits and Prospects (eng, 141 Êb) 

Lastowiecki R., Blaschke D., Fischer T., Klhn T. Quark Matter in HighMass Neutron Stars? (eng, 133 Êb) 

AlvarezCastillo D.E., Blaschke D. Mixed Phase Effects on HighMass Twin Stars (eng, 141 Êb) 

Grigorian H., Blaschke D., Voskresensky D.N. Cooling of Neutron Stars and Hybrid Stars with a Stiff Hadronic EoS (eng, 201 Êb) 

Ayriyan A., AlvarezCastillo D.E., Blaschke D., Grigorian H., Sokolowski M. New Bayesian Analysis of Hybrid EoS Constraints with MassRadius Data for Compact Stars (eng, 1.5 Ìb) 

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Part 6  up 
Savushkin L.N. Relativistic Atomic Nuclear Theory: Nucleons and Mesons. Origins. Current State. Trends (rus, 526 Êb) The nuclear shell model (NSM) is a very important model of nuclear theory. At the initial stage NSM was developed in the framework of the Schrdinger equation. The nonrelativistic formalism has been utilized, in particular, because at that stage it was not clear with which Dirac matrices different components of the shell model potential should be associated. At the beginning of the seventies, the relativistic version of the NSM has been developed, based on the Dirac equation, the meson fields being the basic ingredients of the relativistic nuclear shell model (RNSM). The RNSM includes meson fields with the different spacetime transformation properties (scalar, 4vector, etc.), these properties indicating the behaviour of the respective meson fields under the Lorentz transformations. This fact demonstrates explicitly that the NSM should have the relativistic nature, and the most general form of the Dirac equation has been introduced as a basis for RNSM. 

Mironov S.A. Properties of Perturbations in Conformal Cosmology (rus, 775 Êb) We consider properties of perturbations in conformal cosmology. We study perturbations in the early Universe in different models with conformal invariance, which could be alternatives to inflation. Here we describe power spectrum, statistical anisotropy and nonGaussianity of scalar perturbations and power spectrum of tensor modes. 

Syresin E.M. Injection and Stability of HighIntensity Ion Beam in Synchrotrons with Electron Cooling (rus, 9.9 Ìb) The electron cooling stacking injection is one of most widely used injection method applied for formation of a highintensity cooled ion beams in the synchrotrons. The maximal available ion intensity in the synchrotron is defined by the ion life time and the coolingstacking efficiency. The formation of the cooled highintensity beams is restricted by their instability leading to strong ion life time reduction. The results of experimental investigations and simulations of the coolingstacking injection and stability of the highintensity cooled ion beams are discussed for synchrotrons with electron cooling. 

Smirnov V.L. Computer Simulation of Compact Isochronous Cyclotron (rus, 532 Êb) The computer modeling methods of a compact isochronous cyclotron are described. The main analysis stages of accelerating setup systems are considered. The described methods are based on theoretical fundamentals of cyclotron physics and mention highlights of creation of the physical project of a compact cyclotron. The main attention is paid to the analysis of the beam dynamics, formation of a magnetic field, stability of the movement and a realistic assessment of intensity of the received bunch of particles. The sequence of creation of the accelerator computer model, analytical ways of an assessment of the accelerator parameters and the main techniques of the numerical analysis of dynamics of the particles are described. 

Taskaev S.Yu. Accelerator Based Epithermal Neutron Source (rus, 2.7 Ìb) The current status of the development of accelerator sources of epithermal neutrons for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy, a promising method of treatment of malignant tumors, is presented. Particular attention is given to the source of epithermal neutrons on the basis of a new type of charged particle accelerator  tandem accelerator with vacuum insulation, and lithium neutron producing target. It is also shown that the accelerator with specialized targets allows us to generate fast and monoenergetic neutrons, resonance and monoenergetic rays, particles and positrons. 

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