Volume 46 (year 2015) , parts: 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6

Part 1 up
Demchik V., Skalozub V.
Spontaneous Magnetization of a Vacuum in the Hot Universe and Intergalactic Magnetic Fields
(eng, 393 Kb)

We review the spontaneous magnetization of the vacuum of non-Abelian gauge fields at high temperature. The standard model of particles is investigated as a particular example. By using both analytic methods of quantum field theory a nd gauge field theory on a lattice, we determine the Abelian (chromo)magnetic fields in the restored phase of the model at high temperatures T Tew. The fields are stable and temperature-dependent, B = B(T). We investigate the mechanisms of the field stabilization in detail. The screening parameters for electric and magnetic fields - the Debye, mD(B,T), and magnetic, mmag(B,T), masses - are calculated. It is shown that, in the field presence, the former one is smaller than at zero field. The magnetic mass of the (chromo)magnetic fields is determined to be zero, as for usual U(1) magnetic field. We also show that the vacuum magnetization stops at temperatures below the electroweak phase transition temperature, T Tew, when a scalar condensate creates. These properties make reasonable a possibility of the intergalactic magnetic fields observed recently to be spontaneously generated in the hot Universe at the reheating epoch due to vacuum polarization of non-Abelian gauge fields. We present a procedure for estimating the field strengths B(T) at different temperatures. In particular, the value of B(Tew) ~ 1014 G, at Tew is estimated with taking into consideration the observed intergalactic magnetic field B0 ~ 10-15 G. The magnetic-field scale is also estimated. Some model-dependent peculiarities of the phenomena studied are briefly discussed.

Lev F.M.
A New Look at the Position Operator in Quantum Theory
(eng, 469 Kb)

The postulate that coordinate and momentum representations are related to each other by the Fourier transform has been accepted from the beginning of quantum theory by analogy with classical electrodynamics. As a consequence, an inevitable effect in standard theory is the wave packet spreading (WPS) of the photon coordinate wave function in directions perpendicular to the photon momentum. This leads to the following paradoxes: if the major part of photons emitted by stars are in wave packet states (what is the most probable scenario), then we should see not separate stars but only an almost continuous background from all stars; no anisotropy of the CMB radiation should be observable; data on gamma-ray bursts, signals from directional radio antennas (in particular, in experiments on Shapiro delay), and signals from pulsars show no signs of WPS. In addition, a problem arises: why there are no signs of WPS for protons in the LHC ring. We argue that the above postulate is based neither on strong theoretical arguments nor on experimental data and propose a new consistent definition of the position operator. Then WPS in directions perpendicular to the particle momentum is absent and the paradoxes are resolved. Different components of the new position operator do not commute with each other and, as a consequence, there is no wave function in coordinate representation. Implications of the results for entanglement, quantum locality, and the problem of time in quantum theory are discussed.

Antonov R.A., Aulova T.V., Bonvech E.A., Galkin V.I., Dzhatdoev T.A., Podgrudkov D.A., Roganova T.M., Chernov D.V.
Detection of Reflected herenkov Light of EAS in the SPHERE Experiment as New Method of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Ray Study
(rus, 1.4 Mb)

Despite the efforts of numerous experiments with different components of extensive air showers (EAS) in the last decades, the uncertainty in all the nuclei spectrum of primary cosmic rays is still high and the results on chemical composition of primary cosmic rays from different experiments contradict each other. In this study, an overview of the SPHERE experiment based on detection of the Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation from EAS reflected from the snow surface and of various experiments based on the same method in the same energy region (E0 > 1015 eV) is given. In particular, experimental results, methods of analysis of collected data along with subsequent methods of spectrum and mass composition reconstruction, their advantages and weak points are discussed. In the overview of the SPHERE experiment, its history with the description of the SPHERE apparatus and equipment is given. Besides this, the optical properties of the snow, which are crucial for this registration technique, problems and methods of calibration and data control, methods of the detector response modelling and effective exposition, and experimental data processing procedures are discussed. Then the first results on the energy spectrum and mass composition reconstruction of the SPHERE experiment are given and discussed and the main sources of systematic uncertainties that can affect these results are evaluated. Finally, prospects of the SPHERE experiment and this technique are given.

Peshekhonov V.D.
Coordinate Detectors Based on a Thin Wall Drift Tubes (Straws)
(rus, 2.6 Mb)

The design features and basic parameters of the coordinate detectors based on the existing straw trackers and some developed new setups are considered. The results of methodological studies aimed at improving the quality of space-time and load characteristics of the detectors, increasing the possibility of using this type of detectors for particle detection in high multiplicity, including facilities for high luminocity experiments, are presented.

Synopsis (rus, 55 Kb)

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Part 2 up
"NEUTRINO PHYSICS AND ASTROPHYSICS" (PPP 2014)
The International Workshop on Prospects of Particle Physics
Valday, Russia, January 26-February 2, 2014
Proceedings of the Workshop
Editors: V.B.Brudanin, S.V.Demidov, V.A.Rubakov

Giunti C.
Neutrino Oscillations and Sterile Neutrino
(eng, 264 b)

Gavrin V., Cleveland B., Danshin S., Elliott S., Gorbachev V., Ibragimova T., Kalikhov A., Knodel T., Kozlova Yu., Malyshkin Yu., Matveev V., Mirmov I., Nico J., Robertson R.G.H., Shikhin A., Sinclair D., Veretenkin E., Wilkerson J.
Current Status of New SAGE Project with 51Cr Neutrino Source
(eng, 285 b)

Bernabei R., Belli P., Cappella F., Caracciolo V., Castellano S., Cerulli R., Dai C.J., d'Angelo A., d'Angelo S., Di Marco A., He H.L., Incicchitti A., Kuang H.H., Ma X.H., Montecchia F., Prosperi D., Sheng X.D., Wang R.G., Ye Z.P.
Final Model-Independent Results of DAMA/LIBRA-Phase1 and Perspectives of Phase2
(eng, 250 b)

Gavrilyuk Yu.M., Gangapshev A.M., Kazalov V.V., Kuzminov V.V., Panasenko S.I., Ratkevich S.S., Tekueva D.A., Yakimenko S.P.
First Result of the Experimental Search for the 2K-Capture of 124Xe with the Copper Proportional Counter
(eng, 278 b)

Gavrilyuk Yu.M., Gangapshev A.M., Derbin A.V., Kazalov V.V., Kim H.J., Kim Y.D., Kobychev V.V., Kuzminov V.V., Luqman Ali, Muratova V.N., Panasenko S.I., Ratkevich S.S., Semenov D.A., Tekueva D.A., Yakimenko S.P., Unzhakov E.V.
First Result of the Experimental Search for the 9.4 keV Solar Axion Reactions with 83Kr in the Copper Proportional Counter
(eng, 221 b)

Alexeyev E.N., Gavrilyuk Yu.M., Gangapshev A.M., Kazalov V.V., Kuzminov V.V., Panasenko S.I., Ratkevich S.S.
Sources of the Systematic Errors in Measurements of 214Po Decay Half-Life Time Variations at the Baksan Deep Underground Experiments
(eng, 338 b)

Smirnov O., Bellini G., Benziger J., Bick D., Bonfini G., Bravo D., Caccianiga B., Calaprice F., Caminata A., Cavalcante P., Chavarria A., Chepurnov A., d'Angelo D., Davini S., Derbin A., Empl A., Etenko A., Fomenko K., Franco D., Fiorentini G., Galbiati C., Gazzana S., Ghiano C., Giammarchi M., Gger-Neff M., Goretti A., Hagner C., Hungerford E., Ianni Aldo, Ianni Andrea, Kobychev V.V., Korablev D., Korga G., Kryn D., Laubenstein M., Lehnert B., Lewke T., Litvinovich E., Lombardi F., Lombardi P., Ludhova L., Lukyanchenko G., Machulin I., Manecki S., Maneschg W., Mantovani F., Marcocci S., Meindl Q., Meroni E., Meyer M., Miramonti L., Misiaszek M., Mosteiro P., Muratova V.N., Oberauer L., Obolensky M., Ortica F., Otis K., Pallavicini M., Papp L., Perasso L., Pocar A., Ranucci G., Razeto A., Re A., Ricci B., Romani A., Rossi N., Saldanha R., Salvo C., Schnert S., Simgen H., Skorokhvatov M., Sotnikov A., Sukhotin S., Suvorov Y., Tartaglia R., Testera G., Vignaud D., Vogelaar R.B., von Feilitzsch F., Wang H., Winter J., Wojcik M., Wright A., Wurm M., Zaimidoroga O., Zavatarelli S., Zuber K., Zuzel G. (Borexino Collaboration)
Solar Neutrino with Borexino: Results and Perspectives
(eng, 2 b)

Ludhova L., Bellini G., Benziger J., Bick D., Bonfini G., Bravo D., Caccianiga B., Calaprice F., Caminata A., Cavalcante P., Chavarria A., Chepurnov A., d'Angelo D., Davini S., Derbin A., Empl A., Etenko A., Fomenko K., Franco D., Fiorentini G., Galbiati C., Gazzana S., Ghiano C., Giammarchi M., Gger-Neff M., Goretti A., Hagner C., Hungerford E., Ianni Aldo, Ianni Andrea, Kobychev V.V., Korablev D., Korga G., Kryn D., Laubenstein M., Lehnert B., Lewke T., Litvinovich E., Lombardi F., Lombardi P., Lukyanchenko G., Machulin I., Manecki S., Maneschg W., Mantovani F., Marcocci S., Meindl Q., Meroni E., Meyer M., Miramonti L., Misiaszek M., Mosteiro P., Muratova V.N., Oberauer L., Obolensky M., Ortica F., Otis K., Pallavicini M., Papp L., Perasso L., Pocar A., Ranucci G., Razeto A., Re A., Ricci B., Romani A., Rossi N., Saldanha R., Salvo C., Schnert S., Simgen H., Skorokhvatov M., Smirnov O., Sotnikov A., Sukhotin S., Suvorov Y., Tartaglia R., Testera G., Vignaud D., Vogelaar R.B., von Feilitzsch F., Wang H., Winter J., Wojcik M., Wright A., Wurm M., Zaimidoroga O., Zavatarelli S., Zuber K., Zuzel G. (Borexino Collaboration)
Geoneutrinos and Borexino
(eng, 1.3 b)

Bezrukov L.B., Sinev V.V.
Geoneutrinos and Hydridic Earth (or Primordially Hydrogen-Rich Planet)
(eng, 133 b)

Sinev V.V., Bezrukov L.B., Litvinovich E.A., Machulin I.N., Skorokhvatov M.D., Sukhotin S.V.
Looking for Antineutrino Flux from 40K with Large Liquid Scintillator Detector
(eng, 147 b)

Lubsandorzhiev B.K.
The Tunka Experiment: From Small "Toy" Experiments to Multi-TeV Gamma-Ray Observatory
(eng, 348 b)

Kochkarov M.M., Alikhanov I.A., Boliev M.M., Dzaparova I.M., Novoseltseva R.V., Novoseltsev Yu.F., Petkov V.B., Volchenko V.I., Volchenko G.V., Yanin A.F.
Search for Low-Energy Neutrinos from Gamma-Ray Bursts at the Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope
(eng, 188 b)

Petkov V.B., Boliev M.M., Alikhanov I.A., Butkevich A.V., Dzaparova I.M., Kochkarov M.M., Novoseltseva R.V., Volchenko V.I., Volchenko G.V., Yanin A.F.
Search for High-Energy Muon Neutrinos from Southern Hemisphere Gamma-Ray Bursts with BUST
(eng, 861 b)

Petkov V.B.
Experimental Search for Evaporating Primordial Black Holes
(eng, 203 b)

Avrorin A.D., Avrorin A.V., Aynutdinov V.M., Bannasch R., Belolaptikov I.A., Bogorodsky D.Yu., Brudanin V.B., Budnev N.M., Danilchenko I.A., Domogatsky G.V., Doroshenko A.A., Dyachok A.N., Dzhilkibaev Zh.-A.M., Fialkovsky S.V., Gafarov A.R., Gaponenko O.N., Golubkov K.V., Gress T.I., Hons Z., Kebkal K.G., Kebkal O.G., Konishchev K.V., Konstantinov E.N., Korobchenko A.V., Koshechkin A.P., Koshel F.K., Kozhin V.A., Kulepov V.F., Kuleshov D.A., Ljashuk V.I., Milenin M.B., Mirgazov R.A., Osipova E.R., Panfilov A.I., Pankov L.V., Perevalov A.A., Pliskovsky E.N., Poleshuk V.A., Rozanov M.I., Rubtsov V.F., Rjabov E.V., Shaybonov B.A., Sheifler A.A., Skurikhin A.V., Smagina A.A., Suvorova O.V., Tarashchansky B.A., Yakovlev S.A., Zagorodnikov A.V., Zhukov V.A., Zurbanov V.L.
Status and Recent Results of the Baikal-GVD Project
(eng, 6.3 b)

Demidov S.V., Suvorova O.V.
Indirect Searches for Dark Matter at Baksan and Baikal
(eng, 486 b)

Gorbunov D.S.
Testing Sterile Neutrinos with New Fixed Target Experiment at CERN SPS
(eng, 325 b)

Verkhodanov O.V.
Series Anomalies of Low Multipoles of WMAP and Planck Missions: What Are They?
(eng, 1.2 b)

Part 3 up
Balagurov A.M., Bobrikov I.A., Bokuchava G.D., Zhuravlev V.V., Simkin V.G.
Correlation Fourier Diffractometry: 20 Years of Experience at the IBR-2 Reactor
(rus, 11 b)

The high-resolution Fourier diffractometer (HRFD) was commissioned at the IBR-2 pulsed reactor at FLNP JINR in 1994. The specific feature of the HRFD design is the use of fast Fourier chopper for modulating the primary neutron beam intensity and the correlation method of diffraction data acquisition. This allowed to reach with HRFD extremely high resolution ( d/d 0.001) over a wide range of interplanar spacing at a relatively short flight path between chopper and sample (L = 20 m). Over time, a lot of diffraction experiments on crystalline materials, the main goal of which was to study their atomic and magnetic structures, were performed at HRFD. Successful implementation of the Fourier diffractometry technique at the IBR-2 reactor stimulated the construction of yet another Fourier diffractometer intended for internal mechanical stress studies in bulk materials (FSD, Fourier Stress Diffractometer). In this paper the experience of using this technique at the IBR-2, which is a long-pulse neutron source, is considered, the examples of HRFD studies are given, and possible solutions for existing technical problems of using correlation diffractometry and ways of increasing the intensity and resolution of HRFD are discussed.

Burdk ., Fuksa J., Isaev A.P., Krivonos S.O., Navrtil O.
Remarks towards the Spectrum of the Heisenberg Spin Chain Type Models
(eng, 401 b)

The integrable closed and open chain models can be formulated in terms of generators of the Hecke algebras. In this review paper, we describe in detail the Bethe ansatz for the integrable XXX and XXZ closed chain models. We find the Bethe vectors for two-component and inhomogeneous models. We also find the Bethe vectors for the fermionic realization of the integrable XXX and XXZ closed chain models by means of the algebraic and coordinate Bethe ansatzes. Special modification of the XXZ closed spin chain model ("small polaron model") is considered. Finally, we discuss some questions relating to the general open Hecke chain models.

Pradhan A., Saha B.
Accelerating Dark Energy Models of the Universe in Anisotropic Bianchi Type Space-Times and Recent Observations
(eng, 819 b)

Motivated by the increasing evidence for the need of a geometry that resembles the Bianchi morphology to explain the observed anisotropy in the WMAP data, we have discussed some features of the Bianchi-type universes in the presence of a fluid that wields an anisotropic equation-of-state (EoS) parameter in general relativity. Such models are of great interest in cosmology in favor of constructing more realistic models than the FLRW models with maximally symmetric spatial geometry. Additionally, the interest in such models was promoted in recent years due to the debate that is going around the analysis and the interpretation of the WMAP data [21,111,112], whether they need a Bianchi-type morphology to be explained successfully [7,103,118,117]. The ILC-WMAP data maps show seven axes well aligned with one another and the Virgo direction. For this reason, the Bianchi models are important in the study of anisotropies. In the present study of Bianchi type-I, II, III, V and VI0 space-times, we observe that the EoS for dark energy is found to be time-dependent and its existing range for derived models is in good agreement with the recent observations of SNe Ia data [50], SNe Ia data with CMBR anisotropy and galaxy clustering statistics [11] and the latest combination of cosmological datasets coming from CMB anisotropies, luminosity distances of high redshift type Ia supernovae and galaxy clustering [21,51]. It has been suggested that the dark energy that explains the observed accelerating expansion of the Universe may arise due to the contribution to the vacuum energy of the EoS in a time-dependent background. The cosmological constant is found to be a positive decreasing function of time and it approaches to a small positive value at late time (i.e., the present epoch) which is corroborated by results from recent type Ia supernovae observations.

Lokhov A.V., Tkachov F.V.
Confidence Intervals with A Priori Parameter Bounds
(rus, 376 b)

We review the methods of constructing confidence intervals that account for a priori information about one-sided constraints on the parameter being estimated. We show that the so-called method of sensitivity limit yields a correct solution of the problem. Derived are the solutions for the cases of a continuous distribution with non-negative estimated parameter and a discrete distribution, specifically a Poisson process with background. For both cases, the best upper limit is constructed that accounts for the a a priori information. A table is provided with the confidence intervals for the parameter of Poisson distribution that correctly accounts for the information on the known value of the background along with the software for calculating the confidence intervals for any confidence levels and magnitudes of the background (the software is freely available for download via Internet).

Ivankina T.I., Matthies S.
On the Development of the Quantitative Texture Analysis and Its Application to the Solution of Problems of Earth Sciences
(rus, 3.7 b)

The development of texture analysis (TA) is exhibited, starting with the first experimental and theoretical attempts to specify and to characterize the lattice preferred orientations of grains in real polycrystalline samples. The stages of the elaboration of the theoretical apparatus of TA are considered, as well as its basic elements and possibilities to describe the anisotropic properties of textured samples. The corresponding real limitations and difficulties are also mentioned. The application of the apparatus of quantitative TA is demonstrated by the example of the description of the elastic properties of textured materials, up to multiphase samples containing pores and cracks. The wide spectrum of TA includes the analysis on the basis of neutron scattering, which obtained an effective development in the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics as well. By means of modern neutron diffractometers, like the SKAT spectrometer at the pulsed reactor IBR-2, it is in practice possible to determine the bulk crystallographic textures of monophase and multiphase materials, which is of special interest for the investigation of natural rock samples. By examples it is shown how results of quantitative TA based on neutron scattering were used in combination with some other physical and petrological methods in order to resolve some fundamental problems of geology and geophysics relying on the analysis of the structure and properties of the matter of the Earth lithosphere. The review contains a detailed list of references of original papers concerning the development of TA, as well as of review publications and monographs, and data on the most popular TA-related software.

Gorbunov A.V., Lyapunov S.M., Okina O.I., Frontaseva M.V., Pavlov S.S., Ilchenko I.N.
Nuclear and Related Methods of Analyses in the Medical Geology: Evaluation of Influence of Environmental Factors on Human Health
(, 1.8 )

The paper shows a methodology for conducting geological and medical research and the place of nuclear and related analytical methods of analysis in these studies. The necessity of creating an effective set of the most advanced modern analytical techniques is shown. Metrological parameters of the methods used in the analysis of natural environments and biological materials are assessed. The current state of contamination of the environment with heavy metals and toxic elements of specific industrial sites, Gus Crystal and Podolsk, is characterized. Given the specificity of industrial cities and the environmental habitat of the child population, the levels of contamination with toxic metals of diagnostic biological materials (hair, blood) of children living in various parts of the city, were studied. The results of studies on the effects of the environment on children's health are given. The real impact on children, their neuropsychological development and behavior, as well as the impact of socio-economic factors, were determined. Prophylactic problems among children's population affected by lead and other toxic metals are discussed, and the ways of their solving are suggested. A system of early detection and preventive measures to reduce the adverse effects of toxic metals (Pb, Cu, Mn, Zn, Cr, Ni, As, etc.) on the psychological development of children based on real ecological and geochemical assessment of the study area was developed.

Asadov Y.G., Aliyev Y.I., Babaev A.G.
Polymorphic Transformations in Cu2Se, Ag2Se, AgCuSe and Role of Partial Cation-Cation and Anion-Anion Substitution for Stabilizing Their Modifications
(rus, 2 b)

We present a review of studies of the crystal structure of copper and silver chalcogenides. These materials have a diverse set of physical properties that make them promising for practical application. Physical properties of the crystals are determined by the chemical composition, crystal structure and the influence of external conditions. Analysis was conducted of published results on the crystal structure of copper and silver chalcogenides at high and low temperatures. The inconsistency of published data on the crystal parameters was noted. We present the results of our own investigation of the temperature dependence of the crystal parameters and features of phase transitions in copper and silver chalcogenides of different composition.

Synopsis (rus, 63 Kb)

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4
Bilenky S.M.
Neutrino in Standard Model and Beyond
(eng, 366 b)

After discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN, the Standard Model acquired a status of the theory of elementary particles in the electroweak range (up to about 300 GeV). What general conclusions can be inferred from the Standard Model? It looks that the Standard Model teaches us that in the framework of such general principles as local gauge symmetry, unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions, and Brout-Englert-Higgs spontaneous breaking of the electroweak symmetry, nature chooses the simplest possibilities. Two-component left-handed massless neutrino fields play crucial role in the determination of the charged current structure of the Standard Model. The absence of the right-handed neutrino fields in the Standard Model is the simplest, most economical possibility. In such a scenario, Majorana mass term is the only possibility for neutrinos to be massive and mixed. Such a mass term is generated by the lepton-number violating Weinberg effective Lagrangian. In this approach, three Majorana neutrino masses are suppressed with respect to the masses of other fundamental fermions by the ratio of the electroweak scale and the scale of a lepton-number violating physics. The discovery of the neutrinoless double -decay and the absence of transitions of flavor neutrinos into sterile states would be the evidence in favor of the minimal scenario we advocate here.

Fr P., Sorin A.S.
Classification of Arnold-Beltrami Flows and Their Hidden Symmetries
(eng, 2.3 b)

In the context of mathematical hydrodynamics, we consider the group theory structure which underlies the so-called ABC-flows introduced by Beltrami, Arnold and Childress. Main reference points are Arnold's theorem stating that, for flows taking place on compact three manifolds 3, the only velocity fields able to produce chaotic streamlines are those satisfying the Beltrami equation and the modern topological conception of contact structures, each of which admits a representative contact one-form also satisfying the Beltrami equation. We advocate that the Beltrami equation is nothing else but the eigenstate equation for the first order Laplace-Beltrami operator d, which can be solved by using time-honored harmonic analysis. Taking for 3 a torus T3 constructed as 3/, where is a crystallographic lattice, we present a general algorithm to construct solutions of the Beltrami equation which utilizes as main ingredient the orbits under the action of the point group of three-vectors in the momentum lattice . Inspired by the crystallographic construction of space groups, we introduce the new notion of a Universal Classifying Group which contains all space groups as proper subgroups. We show that the d eigenfunctions are naturally arranged into irreducible representations of , and by means of a systematic use of the branching rules with respect to various possible subgroups Hi , we search and find the Beltrami fields with nontrivial hidden symmetries. In the case of the cubic lattice, the point group is the proper octahedral group O24, and the Universal Classifying Group cubic is a finite group G1536 of order |G1536|=1536 which we study in full detail deriving all of its 37 irreducible representations and the associated character table. We show that the O24 orbits in the cubic lattice are arranged into 48 equivalence classes, the parameters of the corresponding Beltrami vector fields filling all the 37 irreducible representations of G1536. In this way we obtain an exhaustive classification of all generalized ABC-flows and of their hidden symmetries. We make several conceptual comments about the need of a field theory yielding the Beltrami equation as a field equation and/or an instanton equation and on the possible relation of Arnold-Beltrami flows with (supersymmetric) Chern-Simons gauge theories. We also suggest linear generalizations of the Beltrami equation to higher odd dimensions that are different from the nonlinear one proposed by Arnold and possibly make contact with M-theory and the geometry of flux compactifications.

Typel S., Oertel M., Klhn T.
CompOSE (Compstar Online Supernovae Equations of State): Harmonizing the Concept of Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics
(eng, 383 b)

A comprehensive knowledge of properties of dense matter is essential for many applications in astrophysics and nuclear physics. Various models have been developed in the past, but their results are often not accessible in a simple or standardized way. The CompOSE database (compose.obspm.fr) provides a web-based repository of equation of state tables in a common data format. They contain information on the thermodynamic properties, the chemical composition and microphysical quantities of nuclear and stellar matter. This manual explains the basic features and options of the CompOSE database as well as the accompanying programs for storing, handling and extracting the data. The notation and conventions for the tabulation are established and presented extensively. The derivation of thermodynamic quantities from basic potentials is displayed and characteristic nuclear matter parameters are discussed. Technical details of the interpolation scheme are given in Appendixes.

Slavnov D.A.
The Wave-Particle Duality
(rus, 316 b)

In the framework of an algebraic approach we consider a problem of the wave-particle duality. Contrary to opinion widely distributed now we demonstrate that it is possible to coordinate the wave-particle duality to the assumption of existence of a local physical reality which determines results of local measurements. From the point of view of a locality we discuss a series of the quantum experiments: electron scattering by two slits, Wheeler's delayed-choice experiment, the past of photons passing through an interferometer. We give to these experiments obvious physical interpretation which does not contradict classical conceptualization.

Kharzheev Yu.N.
Scintillation Counters in Modern Experiments on High Energy Physics
(rus, 5.6 b)

Scintillation counters (SCs) based on the organic plastic scintillators (OPSs) are widely used in high energy physics (HEP). The technology of the OPS production as strips and tiles, their optical and physical properties, light collection by means of wavelength shifting (WLS) fibers and readout by vacuum and silicon PMTs are reviewed. The use of SCs in many HEP experiments on the searching for quarks, new particles and H-bosons (D0, CDF, ATLAS, CMS), quark-gluon plasma (ALICE), CP-violations (LHCb, KLOE), -oscillations (MINOS, OPERA) and cosmic particles in a wide energy and mass range (AMS-02) are considered. The prospects of using the SCs in the future HEP experiments (at the International Linear Collider ILC, Nuclotron-based Heavy Ion collider facility NICA, Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research FAIR) will be supported by their possible high segmented, WLS fiber light collection and readout by pixelized silicon PMTs.

Synopsis (rus, 64 Kb)

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Part 5 up
XXXII MAX BORN SYMPOSIUM AND HECOLS WORKSHOP "THREE DAYS OF PHASE TRANSITIONS IN COMPACT STARS, HEAVY-ION COLLISIONS AND SUPERNOVAE"
Wroclaw, Poland, February 17-19, 2014
Proceedings of the Symposium and Workshop

Turko L.
The Same Key to Different Doors - Temperature Puzzles
(eng, 81 b)

Blaschke D., Dubinin A., Turko L.
Mott-Hadron Resonance Gas and Lattice QCD Thermodynamics
(eng, 177 b)

Aichelin J., Bratkovskaya E.L., Hartnack Ch., Leifels Y.
K+ Mesons, a Robust Probe to Measure the Hadronic Equation of State?
(eng, 232 b)

Laermann E.
Recent Results from High-Temperature Lattice QCD
(eng, 313 b)

Lukierski J.
Early Scientific Days of Ludwik Turko
(eng, 45 b)

Rafelski J., Petran M.
QCD Phase Transition Studied by Means of Hadron Production
(eng, 613 b)

Lo P.M., Redlich K., Sasaki C.
Polyakov Loop Fluctuations and Deconfinement in the Limit of Heavy Quarks
(eng, 164 b)

Satz H.
Phase Transitions in Strongly Interacting Matter
(eng, 173 b)

Kodama T., Koide T.
Stochastic Variational Quantization and Maximum Entropy Principle
(eng, 87 b)

Rpke G.
Clusters in Nuclear Matter and Mott Points
(eng, 190 b)

Typel S.
Cluster Correlations in Dense Matter and Equation of State
(eng, 92 b)

Wolter H.H.
The Nuclear Symmetry Energy in Heavy-Ion Collisions
(eng, 244 b)

Begun V.
Importance of Repulsive Interactions for the Equation of State and Other Properties of Strongly Interacting Matter
(eng, 108 b)

Naskrt M., Blaschke D., Dubinin A.
Mott-Anderson Freeze-Out and the Strange Matter "Horn"
(eng, 347 b)

Liebing S., Blaschke D.
Composite Fermions in Medium: Extending the Lipkin Model
(eng, 97 b)

Blaschke D., Juchnowski L., Panferov A., Smolyansky S.
Dynamical Schwinger Effect: Properties of the e+e- Plasma Created from Vacuum in Strong Laser Fields
(eng, 262 b)

Jankowski J.
Defects in the AdS/CFT Correspondence
(eng, 95 b)

Poghosyan G.
High-Level Support for Simulations in Astro- and Elementary Particle Physics
(eng, 319 b)

Rpke F.K.
Modeling Type Ia Supernovae and Quark Novae
(eng, 115 b)

Novak J., Peres B., Oertel M.
Simulations of Stellar Collapses to Black Holes: Influence of Hyperons
(eng, 151 b)

Bednarek I.
Hyperon Puzzle in Compact Stars
(eng, 265 b)

Zdunik J.L.
Phase Transitions in Compact Stars - Problem of Micro and Macro Stability
(eng, 141 b)

Sinha M., Sedrakian A.
Upper Critical Field and (Non)Superconductivity of Magnetars
(eng, 155 b)

Oertel M., Providencia C., Gulminelli F., Raduta A.R.
Hyperons in Neutron Star Matter within Relativistic Mean-Field Models
(eng, 277 b)

Bauswein A., Stergioulas N., Janka H.-T.
Neutron Star Properties from the Postmerger Gravitational Wave Signal of Binary Neutron Stars
(eng, 114 b)

Bejger M.
Gravitational Waves from Rotating Neutron Stars: Current Limits and Prospects
(eng, 141 b)

Lastowiecki R., Blaschke D., Fischer T., Klhn T.
Quark Matter in High-Mass Neutron Stars?
(eng, 133 b)

Alvarez-Castillo D.E., Blaschke D.
Mixed Phase Effects on High-Mass Twin Stars
(eng, 141 b)

Grigorian H., Blaschke D., Voskresensky D.N.
Cooling of Neutron Stars and Hybrid Stars with a Stiff Hadronic EoS
(eng, 201 b)

Ayriyan A., Alvarez-Castillo D.E., Blaschke D., Grigorian H., Sokolowski M.
New Bayesian Analysis of Hybrid EoS Constraints with Mass-Radius Data for Compact Stars
(eng, 1.5 b)

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Part 6 up
Savushkin L.N.
Relativistic Atomic Nuclear Theory: Nucleons and Mesons. Origins. Current State. Trends
(rus, 526 b)

The nuclear shell model (NSM) is a very important model of nuclear theory. At the initial stage NSM was developed in the framework of the Schrdinger equation. The nonrelativistic formalism has been utilized, in particular, because at that stage it was not clear with which Dirac matrices different components of the shell model potential should be associated. At the beginning of the seventies, the relativistic version of the NSM has been developed, based on the Dirac equation, the meson fields being the basic ingredients of the relativistic nuclear shell model (RNSM). The RNSM includes meson fields with the different space-time transformation properties (scalar, 4-vector, etc.), these properties indicating the behaviour of the respective meson fields under the Lorentz transformations. This fact demonstrates explicitly that the NSM should have the relativistic nature, and the most general form of the Dirac equation has been introduced as a basis for RNSM.

Mironov S.A.
Properties of Perturbations in Conformal Cosmology
(rus, 775 b)

We consider properties of perturbations in conformal cosmology. We study perturbations in the early Universe in different models with conformal invariance, which could be alternatives to inflation. Here we describe power spectrum, statistical anisotropy and non-Gaussianity of scalar perturbations and power spectrum of tensor modes.

Syresin E.M.
Injection and Stability of High-Intensity Ion Beam in Synchrotrons with Electron Cooling
(rus, 9.9 b)

The electron cooling stacking injection is one of most widely used injection method applied for formation of a high-intensity cooled ion beams in the synchrotrons. The maximal available ion intensity in the synchrotron is defined by the ion life time and the cooling-stacking efficiency. The formation of the cooled high-intensity beams is restricted by their instability leading to strong ion life time reduction. The results of experimental investigations and simulations of the cooling-stacking injection and stability of the high-intensity cooled ion beams are discussed for synchrotrons with electron cooling.

Smirnov V.L.
Computer Simulation of Compact Isochronous Cyclotron
(rus, 532 b)

The computer modeling methods of a compact isochronous cyclotron are described. The main analysis stages of accelerating setup systems are considered. The described methods are based on theoretical fundamentals of cyclotron physics and mention highlights of creation of the physical project of a compact cyclotron. The main attention is paid to the analysis of the beam dynamics, formation of a magnetic field, stability of the movement and a realistic assessment of intensity of the received bunch of particles. The sequence of creation of the accelerator computer model, analytical ways of an assessment of the accelerator parameters and the main techniques of the numerical analysis of dynamics of the particles are described.

Taskaev S.Yu.
Accelerator Based Epithermal Neutron Source
(rus, 2.7 b)

The current status of the development of accelerator sources of epithermal neutrons for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy, a promising method of treatment of malignant tumors, is presented. Particular attention is given to the source of epithermal neutrons on the basis of a new type of charged particle accelerator - tandem accelerator with vacuum insulation, and lithium neutron producing target. It is also shown that the accelerator with specialized targets allows us to generate fast and monoenergetic neutrons, resonance and monoenergetic rays, particles and positrons.

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