Brief Review of Topmost Scientific Results Obtained in 2016 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Tokarev M., Zborovský I.
Top-Quark ρT -Spectra at CMS and Flavor Independence of z-Scaling
We present new results of the analysis of top-quark differential cross sections obtained by the CMS Collaboration in ρρ collisions
within the z-scaling approach. The spectra are measured over a wide range of collision energy √s=7, 8, 13 TeV
and transverse momentum ρT = 30–500 GeV/c of top-quark using leptonic and jet decay modes. Flavor independence of the scaling function ψ(z)
is verified in the new kinematic range. The results of analysis of the top-quark spectra obtained at the LHC are compared with
similar spectra measured in ρρ collisions at the Tevatron energy √s = 1,96 TeV. A tendency to saturation of ψ(z) for the process at low z and
a power-law behavior of ψ(z) at high z is observed. The measurements of high ρT spectra of the top-quark production at the highest LHC energy
is of interest for verification of self-similarity of particle production, understanding the flavor origin, and search for new physics symmetries with
Dedovich T. G., Tokarev M. V.
Reconstruction of Fractals in the Presence of Background Events
Analysis of samples containing fractal and background events is performed using
the method of systems of equations of P-adic coverages (SePaC)
and Box Counting (BC) method.
The features of these methods are studied.
The procedures to indicate the existence of fractals in the combined sample,
reconstruct fractals, estimate a fraction of fractals
and estimate background in the extracted sample are suggested.
The results of a comparative analysis of combined fractal samples
using these methods are presented.
Pepelyshev Yu. N., Tsogtsaikhan Ts.
Investigation of the Dynamics of Pulse Energy Noise at the IBR-2M
Reactor in the Fuel Burnup
In this paper, we present the results of a study on pulse energy noise
dynamics of the IBR-2M in the fuel burnup for a significant period of the
reactor operation, starting from the date of its commissioning in
2011 and until the end of 2016. It is shown that the pulse energy noise
during operation of the IBR-2M with burnup to about
∼1100 MW·day changes significantly by both the spectral component and the level. The
standard deviation of the random power fluctuations did not exceed 5% and
was less than allowable. In addition, the low level of low-frequency
noise (∼1,6%) indicates the absence of sign of
vibrational instability of the reactor and a substantial margin of burnup
Koltovaya N. et al.
Kinetics of Gene and Chromosome Mutations Induced by UV-C in Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae
The systematic study of the kinetics of UV-induced gene and structural mutations in eukaryotic cells was carried out on the basis
of model yeast S. cerevisiae. A variety of genetic assays (all types of base pair substitutions, frameshifts, forward mutations
canl, chromosomal and plasmid rearrangements) in haploid strains were used. Yeast cells were treated by UV-C light of fluence of energy
up to 200 J/m2. The kinetics of the induced gene and structural mutations is represented
by a linear-quadratic and exponential functions. The slope of curves in log-log plots was not constant,
had the value 2-4 and depended on the interval of doses. It was suggested that it is the superposition
and dynamics of different pathways form the mutagenic responses of eukaryotic cells to UV-C light that cause the high-order curves.
Analytical Model of Active and Passive Transport in Biological Membranes
A formula is obtained for calculating the ion concentration profile in biological membranes. It is assumed that spherical ions move in an aqueous solution under the influence of an electric field and a concentration gradient. The friction force follows the Stokes law. The ions are covered with hydrate shells consisting of a dipole of water molecules which change their effective radius and friction.
It is shown that if the friction force at the membrane inlet is stronger than at its outlet, then the ions can move by active transport.
Analysis of the hydration allows the development of an analytical model of active and passive ion transport in membranes.
The calculations are consistent with the concentration profile of Na+1, K+1 and Cl-1 measured in frog and squid cells.
Aksenov V. L.
A 15-year Forward Look at Neutron Facilities in JINR
The service life of the IBR-2 reactor, one of the leading pulse neutron
sources in the world, is expected to end in 2032. Modern trends in sciences
where neutrons are used, possible variants of a concept for a new neutron
source and its potential position in the world neutron landscape are
discussed. The flagship experiments for a new neutron source in the fields
of condensed matter research, fundamental and nuclear physics are proposed.
Dolya S. N., Sarkhadov I.
Calculation of High-Current Linear Proton Accelerator
with an Energy of 80 MeV
This article considers the possibility of pulsed acceleration in a spiral
waveguide of a proton beam with the current Ib = 0,7 A. The accelerator
consists of three parts. The energy of the proton injection is 50 keV. In
the first part of the accelerator having the length
Lacc1 ≈ 1,4 m, the protons are accelerated up to
the energy ϵ 1fin = 0,8 MeV.
In this section of the accelerator, consumption of high-frequency power is
P1 = 0,8 MW. In the second part of the accelerator with the length
Lacc2 ≈ 2 m, the protons are accelerated up to the energy
ϵ 2fin = 5 MeV. Consumption of high-frequency power in the second
part of the accelerator is P2 = 4 MW. The third part of the
accelerator consists of 8 sections, each being 7 m long. Radial focusing of
the proton beam in this accelerator is carried out with the magnetic field
intensity H = 10 , generated by a superconducting solenoid.
Agapov A. V., Mitsyn G. V.
Multichannel Magnetic Field Measuring System
Using Hall Sensors for Proton Therapy Beamline Elements ControlA 15-year Forward Look at Neutron Facilities in JINR
The article considers the design and construction of a multichannel magnetic field measuring system using
Hall sensors elaborated at the Medico-Technical Complex of the DLNP, JINR. The developed system allows
monitoring magnetic induction fluctuations of the bending electromagnets of the proton therapy beamline.
The thermostatic and power supply modules have been designed to solve the problem of thermal instability
of Hall sensors. The set-point temperature of working volume of the Hall sensors is about 40°C with
an accuracy of ± 0.05°С; and the precision of supply voltage is ± 1 mV. The multichannel
magnetic field measuring system is routinely used in the proton therapy treatment sessions implementing
the “quality assurance” of treatment.
Zinchenko Al. I. et al.
The Solenoid for the SPD Set-Up of the NICA Collider
Requirements were considered and recommendations were formulated for the
later technical design of the magnet for the SPD set-up. It has been shown
that to get magnetic field homogeneity in the 1% limits for the whole
inner solenoid volume, one has to use additional coils which must be placed
in the end faces of the solenoid. The superconducting magnet is preferred to
the warm version due to the lower weight and occupied volume of the coil,
and the absence of the heat evacuation problem also.
Butenko A. V. et al.
Magnetic Field Errors Tolerance of Nuclotron Booster
Generation of magnetic field in the units of the booster synchrotron for the
NICA project is one of the most important conditions for getting the
required parameters and qualitative accelerator operation.
Research of linear and nonlinear dynamics of the 197Au31+ ion
beam in the booster was carried out with the MADX program. Analytical
estimation of magnetic field errors tolerance and numerical computation of
dynamic aperture of the booster DFO-magnetic lattice is presented. Closed
orbit distortion with random errors of magnetic fields and errors in layout
of the booster units was evaluated.
Glonti L. et al.
Longitudinal Tension and Mechanical Stability of a Pressurized Straw Tube
When developing charged particle detectors based on straw tubes working in vacuum, a special technique
is needed for their mechanical properties evaluation. An experimental method of strained pressurized straw
tube mechanical properties study is presented. The performed measurement results are in agreement with the
approximate calculations taking into account the known uncertainties of the wall material parameters. It is shown that the difference between the tube wall longitudinal tension and the pressure force applied to the tube cross section area defines both the straw tube transverse stability and the lowest value of its oscillation frequency.
Derenovskaya О. Yu., Ivanov V. V., Ogorodnikova D. S.
J/ψ → e+e– Decays Selection Criteria for Au + Au Collisions at 10A GeV in the CBM Experiment
Currently the CBM experiment is being
developed in GSI (Darmstadt, Germany) at the FAIR accelerator complex of an international
collaboration with JINR. Measurements of the J/ψ → e+e– decays are the key objectives
of the CBM experiment, the registration of such decays is planned to be held in real-time experiment.
The current paper presents criteria that provide an effective selection of signal
events for Au + Au collisions at 10A GeV. This energy corresponds to the first stage of the CBM experiment.
Sabirov B. et al.
Recent Optimized Design of ILC Cryomodule with Explosion Welding Technology
This paper summarizes the test results of modified components
for the cryomodule of the International Linear Collider (ILC) obtained by the international
collaboration of JINR (Dubna, Russia), INFN (Pisa/Genova, Italy), and PWI (Kiev, Ukraine).Initially,
the baseline design for the superconducting RF cavities of the ILC is the TESLA 1.3 GHz cavity design
developed at DESY consisting of a 9-cell cavity structure of Nb sheet material and Ti for the surrounding helium
vessel and for the biphase He gas return pipe. To make the ILC project even cheaper, it is proposed to replace titanium
cryomodule components with stainless steel (SS) ones using a unique method based on explosion welding, opening up the possibility
to develop a new-generation of cryomodules for particle accelerators. These cryogenic system components operate at superlow temperatures,
as niobium cavities are contained in a stainless steel vessel filled with superfluid liquid helium at 1.8 K. Stepwise upgrading of these
components to the latest version of the Nb/Ti/SS transition element has led to an evolutionary improvement of the ILC cryomodule.
This new component resolves problems of residual stress, and its peculiar design prevents the possibility of a shift due to the difference
in the linear expansion coefficients of the constituent metals. He leak testing found no leaks at the background rate
≈ 0,4 · 10-10 атм · cm3 · c–1
Komarov V. I.
On the Possibility of Revealing the Transition of a Baryon Pair State to a Six-Quark Confinement State
Proton-proton collisions are considered to find favorable conditions for searching for the transition of a baryon pair state
to a hexa-quark confinement state
(3q) + (3q) → (6q)cnf. It is admitted that central pp collisions in a definite range
of the initial energy can lead to creation of an intermediate compound system where the hexa-quark dibaryon can be formed. Criteria
for the selection of central collision events and for manifestation of the quark-structure dibaryon production are proposed.
Lenivenko V. V., Palichik V. V.
Reconstruction of Charged Particle Trajectories in Multiwire Proportional Chambers at the BM@N Experiment
The algorithm for track reconstruction in the multiwire proportional
chambers (MWPC) of the BM@N experiment is described. Beam tracks before the
interaction with the target and trajectories of charged particles after the
interaction are reconstructed using Nuclotron experimental data with
deuteron and carbon beams colliding with the carbon and copper targets.
Trajectories are extrapolated to the interaction point and to the drift
chambers. Efficiencies of MWPCs have been obtained. Beam parameters (transverse dimensions, the angular spread) have
New Method for Determining Avalanche Breakdown Voltage of Silicon Photomultipliers
The avalanche breakdown and Geiger mode of the silicon p–n junction is considered. A precise physically motivated method is proposed
for determining the avalanche breakdown voltage of silicon photomultipliers (SiPM). The method is based on measuring the dependence
of the relative photon detection efficiency (PDErel) on the bias voltage when one type of carriers (electron or hole)
is injected into the avalanche multiplication zone of the p–n junction. The injection of electrons or holes from the base region
of the SiPM semiconductor structure is performed using short-wave or long-wave light. At a low overvoltage (1–2 V) the detection
efficiency is linearly dependent on the bias voltage; therefore, extrapolation to zero PDErel value determines the SiPM avalanche
breakdown voltage with an accuracy within a few millivolts.
Izosimov I. N. et al.
Fine Structure of Beta-Decay Strength Function and Anisotropy of Isovector Nuclear Density Component Oscillations in Deformed Nuclei
The experimental measurement data on the fine
structure of beta-decay strength function Sβ (E) in spherical,
transition, and deformed nuclei are analyzed. Modern high-resolution nuclear
spectroscopy methods made it possible to identify the splitting of peaks in
Sβ (E) for deformed nuclei. By analogy with splitting of the peak of E1
giant dipole resonance (GDR) in deformed nuclei, the peaks in Sβ (E) are split into two components from the axial nuclear deformation. In
this report, the fine structure of Sβ (E) is discussed. Splitting of
the peaks connected with the oscillations of neutrons against protons (E1 GDR),
of proton holes against neutrons (peaks in Sβ (E) of β+/EC decay), and of protons against neutron holes (peaks in
Sβ(E) of β– decay) is discussed.
Кiselev М. А. et al.
Analysis of Vesicular Structure of Nanoparticles in the Phospholipid Based Drug Delivery System using SAXS Data
Small-angle X-ray scattering has been used
to characterize the Phospholipid Transport Nanosystem (PTNS) at the PTNS concentrations in water
of 25%, 31.25%, and 37.5%. The vesicle's average radius, size polydispersity, bilayer thickness,
and internal structure were evaluated from the experiment via applications of two models for the photon scattering
density distribution. Two independent methods were used for the calculation of the SAXS spectra: the form factor of
the heterogeneous spherical shell and the method of separated form factors. Two methods of the spectra calculation
and two models for the approximation of the photon scattering length density evaluation provide coincident results,
which demonstrate the decrease in the vesicle radius, thickness of the bilayer, and thickness of the hydrocarbon chains
region at the increase in the maltose concentration in water.
Terekhin A. A. et al.
The Differential Cross Section of Elastic dp-Scattering at 700 MeV/nucleon
The results of the differential cross section elastic dp-scattering measurements at 700 MeV/nucleon,
performed at the Internal Target Station at the JINR Nuclotron, are presented.
The data were obtained for angular range 70–120° in the c.m.s.
The angular dependence is compared with the world experimental
data at close energies as well as with the theoretical calculations
performed within the framework of the relativistic multiple scattering theory.
Azaryan N. et al.
The Compensation of the Noise Due to Angular Oscillations of the
Laser Beam in the Precision Laser Inclinometer
An experimental method for the compensation of the noise originated by the
laser ray angular oscillations was proposed and experimentally proved for
the Precision Laser Inclinometer (PLI). The PLI noise spectral density was
reduced by factor 30x and reached 10–8 rad/Hz1/2 level at
the frequency of 5 · 10-5 Hz.
The angular noise of a laser ray leaving the one-mode optical fiber in the
vacuum and in stabilized temperature conditions has been measured. The
amplitude of the oscillations for one-day observation reached 0.46 μrad.
Azaryan N. et al.
Determination of the Maximum Recording Frequency by the Precision Laser
Inclinometer of an Earth Surface Angular Oscillation
For the Precision Laser Inclinometer (PLI) using the I-20A oil, a
high-frequency 4~Hz boundary was determined for reliable detection of the
Earth surface angular vibrations.
The proposed method makes use of the microseismic signal and its processing
to expand the PLI working interval for signal reception and allows one
the narrow frequency-band signals originated by the Earth surface angular
oscillations caused by industrial sources.
Azaryan N. et al.
The Temperature Stability of 0.005 °С for the Concrete Floor in the CERN Transfer Tunnel No.1 Hosting the Precision Laser Inclinometer
To reach a sensitivity level of ∼ 10-9 rad for the Precision Laser Inclinometer (PLI) for the registration of
the Earth surface angular oscillation in the low frequency band of [10-6 Hz; 10-4 Hz] the temperature stability of
the CERN Transfer Tunnel No. 1 has been investigated. The daily temperature variation was 0,082 °С for the air and 0,005 °С for the concrete floor.
The last result opened the possibility to observe the Earth surface inclination caused by Moon and
Sun if the PLI is thermally stabilized by the massive monolithic concrete floor of the tunnel.
Sushenok E. O. et al.
Role of Effective T=0,1 Interactions in the
Particle-Particle Channel: Beta-Decay Characteristics and the
Multi-Neutron Emission Probabilities in the Beta Decay of
A finite rank separable approach(FRSA) based on the
quasi-particle random phase approximation with Skyrme
interactions has been extended to describe charge-exchange
excitation modes. The central and tensor residual interaction in
both the particle-hole and particle-particle channel and the
coupling between one- and two-phonon configurations are taken into
account in the framework of the FRSA model. We study the effect of
taking into account effective interactions in the
particle--particle channel on beta-decay characteristics and the
multi-neutron emission probabilities in the beta decay of
Сушенок Е. О. и др.
The Impact of the Tensor Interaction on the β-Delayed Neutron Emission of the Neutron-Rich Ni Isotopes
The neutron emission of the β-decay of 74,76,78,80Ni is studied with the Skyrme interaction taking into account the
tensor terms. Calculations are performed within the quasiparticle random phase approximation. The coupling between one- and
two-phonon terms in the wave functions of the low-energy 1+ states of the daughter nuclei is taken into account.
It is shown that the strength decrease of the neutron-proton tensor interaction leads to the substantial increase of the half-life and the neutron-emission probability.
Ananiev V. D., Pepelyshev Yu. N., Rogov A. D.
Optimization Study of the IBR-2 Reactor
The neutron-physical aspect of optimization of the IBR-2 pulsed reactor is considered in respect of whether it is possible in principle
to design and construct reactor with a higher neutron flux density in beams, and if yes, how much higher it could be?
The calculations have shown that the thermal neutron flux density in the beams can theoretically be increased
up to (2.0–2.5)· 1013 cm–2 · s–1, and the cold neutron flux can be enhanced by three orders of magnitude.
The latter is due to the fact that owing to the design peculiarities of the biological shield, the cold moderator at IBR-2 is used very inefficiently.
It is shown that the increase in the flux density of thermal and cold neutrons is possible only
if the reactor design is changed completely (decrease in the core volume, replacement of the fuel type with a denser one, and change
in the system of beam extraction from the radial to tangential one). The technical implementation of these requirements
for a such type of the reactor poses a significant problem. To sum up, the IBR-2 design developed by NIKIET in 1968 for generating short pulses of thermal (not cold) neutrons with an average flux density of ∼ 1013 cm -2 · s-1 was surprisingly well optimized.
Meshkov I. N.
Forming of an Ordered Positron Flux
A method for forming a continuous flux of monochromatic positrons with a
controlled time of arrival at the target, independent of the start time in a
limited start time interval, is suggested.
Such an ordered positron flux (OPF) allows one
to construct an experimental setup for studies of solid matter structure by
positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) in its most efficient version —
the Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS).
Simultaneously, by varying the potential of the target, one can control the
energy of the positrons on the target and, accordingly, the depth of their
penetration into the sample under study, measuring the distribution of
defects in depth with high resolution.
Khushvaktov J. H. et al.
Monte Carlo Simulations and Experimental Results
on Neutron Production in the Spallation Target QUINTA
Irradiated with 660 MeV Protons
The activation experiment was performed using the accelerated beam of the Phasotron accelerator at the Joint Institute
for Nuclear Research (JINR). The natural uranium spallation target QUINTA was irradiated with protons of energy 660 MeV.
Monte Carlo simulations were performed using the FLUKA and Geant4 codes. The number of leakage neutrons from the sections
of the uranium target surrounded by the lead shielding and the number of leakage neutrons from the lead shield were
determined. The total number of fissions in the setup QUINTA were determined. Experimental values of reaction rates
for the produced nuclei in the 127I sample were obtained, and several values of the reaction rates were compared
with the results of simulations by the FLUKA and Geant4 codes. The experimentally determined fluence of neutrons
in the energy range of 10–200 MeV using the (n, xn) reactions in the 127I(NaI) sample was compared with
the results of simulations. Possibility of transmutation of the long-lived radionuclide 129I in the QUINTA setup
Morozov V. A., Morozova N. V.
Autocorrelation Method for Determination of Scintillator Decay Time
An autocorrelation method is developed for determining the composition and decay time of scintillators. It also allows studying the spatial distribution of nuclear radiation and controlling the amount of the admixture introduced in the scintillators. The decay time is measured in the range from a few nanoseconds to microseconds. It is found that the decay time increases in plastic scintillators with a wave shifter and a Gd admixture.
Izosimov I. N.
Multistep Excitation Schemes in Laser Spectroscopy and Detection of Actinides and Lanthanides in Solutions
The use of laser radiation with tunable wavelength allows selective excitation of actinide / lanthanide species with subsequent registration of luminescence / chemiluminescence
for their detection. This work is devoted to applications of the time-resolved laser-induced luminescence spectroscopy (TRLIF) and time-resolved laser-induced
chemiluminescence spectroscopy (TRLIC) for detection of lanthanides and actinides in solutions. It is shown that a multistep scheme of chemiluminescence excitation
provides highly sensitive and highly selective TRLIC procedure of detection of lanthanides and actinides in solutions.
Kovalchuk O. E. et al.
Irradiation of Diamonds with Fast Tagged Neutrons
The results of irradiation of natural diamonds with fast 14.1 MeV neutrons,
which are produced during the operation of a neutron separator for dry
enrichment of kimberlite ore by the tagged neutron method, are discussed.
Bulavin M. V. et al.
Some Physical Parameters of the Neutron Flux on IBR-2 Beamline No.3 at a Considerable Distance from the Reactor
The current paper covers results of the measurements of the
fast neutron flux density by the method of neutron activation analysis (NAA)
and measurements of the fluence equivalent to 1 MeV on the radiation damages of silicon detectors
(Si-detectors), as well as γ-doses with usage of film-monitors at a considerable distance (3–8 m)
from the IBR-2 water moderator WM-303 on the experimental beamline No.3.
The results obtained can be used for determining the coordinates of the samples installed on
the radiation research facility for beamline No. 3 aimed at their irradiation within the range
of fluences from ∼ 5 · 1011 to 1015 n/cm2 (or with the flux
density from ∼ 5 · 105 to 109 n/cm2/s).
Shabalin E. P. et al.
Highly Intense Pulsed Neutron Source Based on Neptunium
The basic concept and parameters of an advanced neutron source assigned for
experiments using extracted beams based on the fission of
neptunium isotope 237Np are presented. It is asserted that the highly intense
source will possess unique properties both in the reactor and booster modes of
operation, i.e., as a multiplying target of a proton accelerator. It will
surpass all pulsed neutron facilities for neutron spectroscopy of modern times.
Revenko R. V. et al.
Results of Tests of the Secondary Emission Monitor for Measuring the Beam Profile
In order to investigate the secondary emission monitor for measuring the beam profile,
a test of the profiler was performed on the extracted beam of the accelerator IC-100 of the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (FLNR JINR).
The beam of 132Xe24+ ions with an energy of 1.2 MeV/A was used.
The intensity varied from 10 to 100 nA. The measurements of the profile were
carried out at different beam intensities in order to estimate the lower limit
of the sensitivity of the monitor. As a result of the tests, it may be concluded that
the lower intensity limit can be estimated at several hundredths of nA (∼ 0.05e nA).
Zalikhanov B. Zh.
Improvement of Gamma-Detector of Gas-Filled Coordinate Chambers
A new arrangement of converters in the working volume of proportional
and drift chambers is proposed for effective detection of X-rays.
Positions and geometrical parameters of the converters entirely agree
with kinematics of photoelectric absorption of gamma-rays by atoms.
The preliminary experimental test confirms the possibility of significantly
increasing the gamma detection efficiency of gas-filled detectors.
Panova T. D. et al.
Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Arsenic and Mercury in Human Remains
of the XVI-XVII Centuries from the Moscow Kremlin Necropolises by Neutron Activation Analysis at the IREN Facility and the IBR-2 Reactor of FLNP JINR
The neutron activation analysis (NAA) of three samples of human remains of the XVI-XVII centuries from the necropolises of the Moscow Kremlin has been
carried out at FLNP JINR. The samples were irradiated at two
facilities — at the IREN source of resonance neutrons and at the IBR-2
reactor. Spectra of induced activity of the irradiated samples were measured
by using the automatic measurement system developed at FLNP JINR. This
system consists of a high-purity germanium detector with spectrometric
electronics, a sample changer, and a control software. Mass fractions of
arsenic, mercury and other elements were calculated by
relative and absolute NAA methods.
The obtained values confirmed the fact of an acute mercury poisoning of the
first wife of Tsar Ivan Vasilievich the Terrible —
Tsarina Anastasia Romanovna.
Increased mercury content was detected in the bone remains of the son of
Tsar Ivan the Terrible, Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich, and Prince
M. V. Skopin-Shuisky.
The obtained results allow us to introduce into scientific circulation the
exact values of mass fraction of mercury, arsenic and some other elements in
the samples from the graves of Russian historical figures of the second half
of XVI – early XVII centuries.
Lukyanov S. M. et al.
Cluster Structure of 9Be
Angular distributions of protons, deuterons, tritons, and alpha particles emitted in the reaction 2H + 9Be at Elab = 19.5 MeV
were measured to shed light on the internal cluster structure of 9Be and to study possible cluster transfer of 5He.
The analyses suggest a significant contribution of a five-nucleon transfer in the 9Be (d, 4He)7Li reaction channel.
Mendibaev K. et al.
Alpha-Particle Emission in the 48Ca + Ta Reaction at Coulomb Energy
Были измерены инклюзивные энергетические спектры легких заряженных частиц, испускаемых при взаимодействии Ta-мишени
с пучком 48Ca при энергиях 261 и 471 МэВ. Продукты реакции регистрировались с помощью ΔE – E телескопа,
помещенного в фокальную плоскость магнитного спектрометра, расположенного под прямым углом относительно направления пучка.
Во всех реакциях исследованы легкие заряженные частицы с энергией, близкой к соответствующему рассчитанному
кинематическому пределу для выходного канала с двумя телами, с относительно большой вероятностью.
Полученные результаты позволяют сделать некоторые выводы о механизме реакции, связанной с испусканием легких заряженных частиц.
Yuldasheva M. B., Yuldashev O.I.
Boundary Least-Squares Method with 3D Harmonic Basis of a High Order
for Solving Linear Div-Curl Systems
Justification of a boundary least squares method with harmonic basis of a
high order, which was formulated earlier by the authors, is given for 3D. For
the linear div-curl systems with the Dirichlet conditions as well as with the
mixed boundary conditions, weak formulations in spaces of
piecewise-polynomial gradients of harmonic functions are obtained.
Properties of bilinear forms and approximating properties of the basis are
investigated. The h-convergence of approximate solutions is proved. In
contrast to the primal formulation of the discontinuous Galerkin method, in
this method the choice of a penalty weight function is not required.
Yuldasheva M. B., Yuldashev O.I.
Application of Harmonic Basis of a High Order for Solving
Some Magnetostatic Problems
The aim of this work is investigation of possibilities of using
high-order harmonic basis for solving some magnetostatic problems.
We consider known methods with our basis and the approach earlier
elaborated by the authors. We present numerical
results of their comparison when solving a linear problem
on sequences of meshes with
various parameters h and p. For a nonlinear problem
with respect to two scalar
potentials, it is shown that this model, in the suggested new
weak formulation, keeps the
property of monotonicity.
From the results of this work it may be concluded that the
harmonic basis gives more
exact approximations on adaptive meshes for the considered
in comparison with the usual approach.
Shabalin E. P., Rzjanin M. V.
Dynamics of Power Pulses in the Neptunium Research Reactor
Modern tendency in neutron research supposes development and construction
of highly intense pulsed neutron sources. The pulsed reactor charged with
fissionable isotope of neptunium-237 might be an option of the facility
referred to in the text. The given work deals with analysis of power pulses
dynamics of the neptunium reactor which accounts for fast temperature
reactivity feedback within a single pulse. The problem was resolved
with application of the simplified model of one-frequency oscillator
combined with the point reactor kinetic equation neglecting delayed
neutrons. It was shown that the calculated estimate of power pulse in
nuclear accident appears to be less than one order of magnitude of that
calculated without account for fast temperature reactivity feedback.
Nguyen N. A. et al.
The Breaking Thresholds of Cooper Nucleon Pairs and Features of the
Decay of 172Yb Nucleus in the 171Yb (nth, 2γ) Reaction
For the purpose of enhancement of the experimental data set on the
cascade intensities of two gamma quanta emitted step by step after radiative
capture of thermal neutrons, the 171Yb (nth, 2γ) reaction
was investigated. In the analysis of the cascade intensities a structure
change of the observed levels of the 172Yb nucleus was discovered
depending on the excitation energy, and the most probable breaking
thresholds were obtained for four Cooper pairs of neutrons below neutron
Mokrov Yu. V. et al.
Research of the Correspondence of Indication of the Neutron Dosimeter Based on 10B-Counter with a Moderator
to the Ambient Dose in the Fields of IBR-2M
The calculated results of the correspondence of indication of the dosimeter based on the 10B-counter with polyethylene
moderator to the ambient dose equivalent behind the IBR-2M are presented. It was shown that the instrument can be used to measure
the ambient dose with the uncertainty 25% in radiation monitoring at the reactor IBR-2M. The average value of the correction
coefficient for this dosimeter behind the shield is 0.93.
Mokrov Yu. V. et al.
The Correction of Albedo Dosimeters Readout at IBR-2M with the Help of a Spherical Albedo System and Comparison with Other Correction Methods
The results of the indication correction for albedo dosimeters DVGN-01 using a spherical albedo system and of neutron spectra are presented.
The measurements were carried out behind the IBR-2M shielding.
The neutron spectra were measured in two places and the correction coefficients for DVGN-01
readout were estimated by these spectra. A good agreement was shown for the coefficients obtained with the
help of these spectra and by the method of spherical albedo system. This is a real evidence of the correction method reliability.
Artikov A. et al.
Participation of JINR in the CDF Experiment
Participation of the JINR group in the research at the Tevatron, Fermilab,
is described. In their work on the upgraded CDF Run II detector, the
emphasis was placed on top-quark physics. The JINR group took an active part
in the analysis of the CDF data, specifically in measuring the top quark in
the dilepton and lepton–jet modes, measuring the top-quark charge, and
searching for the Higgs boson. The JINR group made a decisive contribution
to the operation of the scintillation counter subsystem of the CDF muon
trigger and a solid contribution to the trigger based on the vertex silicon
detector for selection of events with secondary vertices and to the
electromagnetic calorimeter preconverter. The group participated in the
construction, upgrading, and operation of the system of scintillation
counters and developed a system for the on-line monitoring of their
parameters to ensure their effective operation in Run II. The work of the
JINR scientists was highly appreciated by the international CDF
Golubkov Е. А. et al.
First Results of Startup of the Second Accelerating Section of the
LUE-200 Linac of the IREN Facility
The first results of startup and adjustment of the second accelerating
section of the electron linear accelerator with an S-band traveling wave ( f
= 2856 MHz) — the driver of the IREN facility (a neutron source of JINR FLNP)–
are discussed. Key parameters of the accelerating system, RF power sources, modulators, accelerated beam, and neutron
fluxes are presented.
Guzilov I. A. et al.
Factory Acceptance Test of the High-Efficiency S-Band MBK Klystron
The results of testing the first prototype of the powerful pulse multibeam S-band klystron developed by DBT company are presented. Under the cathode voltage of 51.7 kV, beam current 205 А, and the
measured RF peak pulse power 7 MW, the efficiency of the klystron reached 66.0%.
Izosimov I. N.
Structure of β-Decay Strength Function Sβ(E) in Halo Nuclei
It is shown that when the parent nucleus has n–n Borromean halo structure, then after Gamow–Teller(GT) β–decay of parent state or after
M1 γ decay of Isobar-Analogue Resonance (IAR) the states with n–p tango halo structure or mixed n–p
tango + n–n Borromean halo structure can be populated. Resonances in the GT β–decay strength function Sβ(E) of halo nuclei may have n–p
tango halo structure or mixed n–p tango + n–n Borromean halo structure. Correct interpretation of halo structure is important in experiments on β–decay
study, treatment of M1 γ decay of IAR, and charge-exchange nuclear reactions analysis.
Hrubčín L. et al.
Investigation of Radiation Hardness of Si and SiC Detectors by Xe Ion Beam
The properties of silicon and silicon carbide (SiC) detectors after their
irradiation by different doses of xenon ions are presented. The irradiation
of detectors was carried out at the IC-100 cyclotron at the Flerov
Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions of JINR. It is shown that the degradation of
spectroscopy characteristics of SiC detectors takes place at higher dose
than the similar Si detectors used at experiments.
Treichel Z. et al.
Verification of Pt100 Platinum Resistance Thermometer Operation to Measure the Electronic Elements inside the TOF Detector
Every electronic system working in demanding conditions requires specific cooling system. To establish appropriate operating conditions for the TOF detector, it is necessary to measure and control the temperature. For this purpose, Pt100 resistance thermometer is used. We present one of the methods to verify functioning of the mentioned device.
Szpakiewicz-Szatan A. et al.
Slow Control of Variable-Energy Positron Beam's Power Supply
The purpose of this project is to develop a control system for variable-energy positron beam's power supply unit. To solve this problem, proper hardware is chosen. In order to control the hardware, the software, divided into two separate programs, is developed. The paper explains what features the software delivers, why LabVIEW was used, and why the programs are divided.
Birski M. et al.
Network Analyzer Used in MPD Slow Control System Automation
Multi-Purpose Detector (MPD) is a part of the NICA project at JINR (Dubna). Among many control systems, Slow Control System (SCS) is dedicated to handle and control the parameters of detectors which vary with relatively slow sample rate and do not depend on the experiment.
This paper describes the network analyzer used in the MPD supply racks as well as automation program made in LabVIEW. This device analyzes the main supply network parameters, e.g., current, power or voltage of each of 64 supply racks. Rack consists of many control subsystems, e.g., temperature control, gas control, and many others. In order to make these subsystems coherent in terms of data transmission, LabVIEW environment has been used. The network analyzer LabVIEW automation program is one part of the whole coherent automation system, containing a variety of subVI's connected by cluster links.
Dyrcz P. et al.
Preliminary Temperature Monitoring System for the Experiment on the Electron Cooling System of NICA
One of the main points of the project of technology and construction in the superconducting systems, being the part of the experiment on the electron cooling system of Nuclotron-based Ion Collider fAcility (NICA) project, is monitoring of the temperature, the liquid helium level in the cryostat, and magnetic field. In this paper, temperature monitoring system has been discussed. It is controled to protect against adverse heat supply.
Therefore, the construction of temperature monitoring system should distinguish itself in terms of a large number of sensitive sensors, high accuracy of the sensor calibration. The following paper presents a prototype of the temperature monitoring system for the NICA project.
Beskrovnaia L. G., Guseva S. V., Timoshenko G. N.
Method for Monitoring Neutron Fields around High-Energy Accelerators
Neutron monitoring around high-energy accelerators cannot be organized only
on the basis of standard (produced in the Russian Federation) dosimeters and
neutron radiometers, since their operating range is limited by the neutron
energy of ≈ 10 MeV. At the same time, higher-energy neutrons can
make a significant contribution to the personnel dose both directly behind
the accelerator shield and in the fields of scattered radiation in the
environment. In this paper, we propose a method for measuring the ambient
dose of neutrons in the neutron energy range of 10-2 MeV to 1 GeV based
on two polyethylene spheres (3 and 10 inches in diameter with a lead converter
$(10″ + Pb)) with slow neutron detectors inside. This method can be used
mainly in fixed stations for area radiation monitoring around accelerators.
Kirilov A. S.
Evolution of the Interpreter Module in the Instrumental Software Complex SONIX+
The SONIX+ software complex is designed as a unified control software for neutron spectrometers. At present, it is installed
at the instruments of the IBR-2 reactor at the FLNP, JINR, as well as in a number of other centers of the Russian Federation —
about 20 installations alltogether. The Python programming language is selected as the control language for scripting experimental procedure in the complex. The interpreter module is its most important part. This allowed not only to describe the instrument
procedure specifics but also to include elements of preliminary processing of the results of measurements in a script. The work
is devoted to the evolution of the script interpreter module — the most important element of the complex, reflecting the
increasing complexity of both the instruments themselves and the measurement methodology.
Kirilov A. S.
Instrument Control Software at the IBR-2: Directions of Development
The work is devoted to the development trends of the Sonix+ software complex, which is used as instrument control software
at the IBR-2 reactor at the FLNP. Currently, the complex includes programs for direct control of beam experiments, the WebSonix system for remote measurement supervision and the Journal program for automatic registration of measurements. Development of all these components will be continued. The appearance of new devices in the setup, first of all, DAQ controllers Delidaq2
with USB3 interface, will be supported within the existing structure. Enhancement of network services is aimed at increasing the
security, stability in operation and ease of use. Considerable attention will be paid to the development and implementation
of the concept of a centralized repository of measurement results.
Hanusek T. et al.
Determining the Fast Neutron Flux Density and Transmutation Level
Measurements in the ADS by the Use of a Threshold Nuclear Reaction
The aim of the project was determining the fast neutron flux density by
using data from the Quinta experiment (E + T RAW collaboration), which took
place on 4 December 2015 at the Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of
High Energy Physics (VBLHEP), the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR).
The experimental assembly based on natural uranium and an
aluminum cover was irradiated by a 660 MeV proton beam from the
Phasotron, DLNP, JINR. To gain the knowledge about the neutron flux inside
the experimental assembly, nuclear threshold reactions of (n, xn)
type were used.
This paper describes the Quinta assembly, experimental results, calibration
procedure and average high energy neutron calculation based on yttrium
(Y-89) isotopes production.
In the future, results and conclusions from an experiment like this could
be useful to design accelerator-driven subcritical systems (ADS) or other
4th generation fast reactors. The paper is based on the 2016 Student
Summer Practice work at JINR.
Turek M. et al.
Influence of the Penning Ionization on Ion Source Efficiency — Numerical Simulations
A numerical model of ionization in the plasma ion source, allowing for the electron impact and Penning effect, is presented.
The influence of the Penning effect on the ionization efficiency is investigated. It is shown that the carrier gas can improve
the ionization efficiency several times compared to the pure electron ionization case. Changes of the yield from the Penning
ionization are investigated as a function of the carrier gas concentration, degree of ionization, and concentration of carrier
gas atoms in the metastable state.
Volkov A. D. et al.
Influence of Internal Pressure on Stress of Welded Straws
The theoretical analysis and results of testing the influence of internal
pressure on the tension of welded thin-wall tubes from Mylar — straws, used
for the creation of track detectors — are presented. Investigations have
shown that under certain conditions the straw tension remains constant. A
significant effect on the straw tension is exerted by a pressure difference on the
end caps. Depending on the design of the gas supply, the pressure drop may
Under this condition in a vacuum straw will be affected by a transverse
stress, that partially reduces its creep, which increases the service life of
At the same time in a vacuum straw is affected by a transverse
stress, which partially reduces its creep that increases the service life of
The presence of a pressure difference can contribute to an
increase in creep. The test results of the pressure influence confirm the
obtained dependences, which can be relied upon in the creation of straw detectors
for operation in vacuum. A specific technique for measuring a real straw's
Poisson ratio is proposed. This value is required to evaluate the effect of
pressure on the tension of welded straws. Its value for the straw tubes of
the COMET detector is 0.338.
Kosmachev O. S.
Holistic Description of the Lepton Sector
A holistic description means a single algorithmic approach to the
formation of the equations for the lepton sector. The sequence of
the actions required for formulation of free lepton equations was
established on the basis of group-theoretical analysis of the Dirac
(1928), Pauli (1932) and Majorana (1937) equations. The given
sequence of actions is called below the Dirac algorithm. A generalization of the Dirac algorithm was found for unstable leptons.
As a result, we obtained three types of equations. Two of them are
connected with the unstable charged leptons (μ±,
the third is connected with a massive unstable neutrino. Lorentz
invariance and the covariance of the unstable equation recording are
performed with the same degree of rigor as for the Dirac equation.
One of the consequences of the developed by us approach was the
discovery of the individual structure of each lepton equation. Other
consequences of taking into account the structure of the leptons are
as follows: the existence of massive unstable neutrino is
predicted; the existence of «doublets» for τ±-leptons, i.e.
(τ*)±-leptons, is predicted; a primary structural
classification of leptons was made up.